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1831- 1931 



l.UN0?3 Off .._ 




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Digitized by the Internet Archive 

in 2012 with funding from 

University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign 


Historical Committee 

Mabel Givler Goetz 


Hannah Ditzler Alspaugh 

Elizabeth Nichols Simpson 

Etta Cooper Scott 

Ella Horan Clancey 

Mary Barbara Egermann - 

Oliver W. Strubler 

Carl Hammersmith 

Lewis Paeth 


Copyright 1931 

Fort Payne Chapter — Daughters of the American Revolution 

Naperville, Illinois 



77. 32-^f 






History and tradition, fact and fancy, reality 
and romance — how inseparably these are 
interwoven in the passing of time. The 
deeds we do today are history tomorrow, but un- 
recorded history eventually becomes tradition. In 
this small volume we have endeavored to present 
facts backed by printed or written records. We have 
searched newspapers from 1849 to 1931, discovered 
old letters, documents, and photographs. Hannah 
Ditzler Alspaugh's precious collection of scrap- 
books, diaries and treasures together with the docu- 
ments and newspapers preserved by M. B. Egermann 
in the historical collection at the City Library, have 
served to furnish many valuable and interesting 
details. The Centennial Historical Committee pre- 
sent this story of Naperville hoping thereby to add 
to the enjoyment of this Centennial Celebration. 
To those pioneers who went ahead 
and blazed the way, and to the loyal 
citizens of later years who carried on 
and made Naperville the beautiful 
city oi today, this 
history is dedicated. 


Scene at Permanent Memorial — "Big Qi 


"Where ripples break and shadows gleam 
In mirrored spots of green and blue. 1 ' 


A History of Naperville 

1831 <^> 1931 

The spirit of adventure, with irresistible power, has ever led men 
out of comfort and security into new and untried paths. Dis- 
satisfied with things as they were, and stirred by some inner 
vision of better things to be, these pioneers set out in search of 
broader horizons and greater opportunities, never counting the cost. 

Marquette and Joliet were the first white men to view the broad 
rivers and rolling prairies of Illinois in 1673. They found as the 
occupants of this fertile region many Indian tribes, notable among 
them being the Illiniwok, from whom the state received its name. 
Du Page County, which was named after the French trader, Du Pazhe, 
was first a part of Cook County. The early political designation was 
"Scott's General Precinct, Flagg Creek District, Cook County, Illinois." 

The first settlers on the Du Page River were Stephen J. Scott and 
family of Maryland. In 1826 they had settled at Gros' Point on Lake 
Michigan (Evanston). In August, 1830, Stephen Scott and his son, 
Willard, came upon "The Forks" of the Du Page River in Will County, 
while on a hunting trip, and soon after removed the family to this 
locality, which was later called the Scott Settlement. 

Bailey Hobson was the first settler in what is now Du Page County. 
In May, 1830, he came west from Orange County, Indiana, and made 
his claim near Holderman's Grove (Newark). He returned to Indiana 
for his family and they reached the prairies of Illinois, accompanied 
by Lewis Stewart, on September 21, 1830. Not satisfied with this 
claim, Mr. Hobson explored the country around the Du Page River 
and selected the site near the present First Bridge. After the rains 
of the following spring, the Hobson family crossed the country to the 
Scott Settlement where they stayed until March, 1831, when their 
cabin was completed. 

Captain Joseph Naper, of Ashtabula County, Ohio, was the founder 
of Naperville. In February, 1831, he visited this region and made 
preparations for building a cabin at what is now the south- 
east corner of Mill Street and Jefferson Avenue. In June 
he arrived with his family accompained by his brother, 
John Naper, and his family. That season he also 
built a trading house, the first in this region. These 
two brothers had owned a sailing vessel on the Lakes, 
called the "Telegraph", which they had sold and 
agreed to deliver at Chicago. With them 
came the families of John Murray. 
Lyman Butterfield, Harry Wilson, and 
a Mr. Carpenter. 


Joseph Naper Almeda Naper 

1831 * n t ^ e autumn Joseph and John Naper started to build a saw- 
mill, having brought the ironwork with them. Christopher 

Paine, who had located near the Hobsons in 1831, was delegated to 
build the dam. This he did by first laying logs, then stone, and 
finally buckwheat straw to hold the dirt in place. In the spring of 

1832 the mill was in running order — the first ever built on the Du 
Page River. They next constructed a crude grist mill, Christopher 
Paine fashioning the grinding stones from boulders. Each neighbor 
brought his grain and ground it with his own team. 

The first school building was a log house on the corner of Jefferson 
Avenue and Ewing Street, fourteen feet square. On September 14, 
a contract was made with one Lester Peet, "to teach a school in our 
respective District, for the term of four months, for the consideration 
of $12.00 per month." The contract further stated that the teacher 
was to board with the scholars, school to begin November 15. Joseph 
Naper, Christopher Paine, and Bailey Hobson were to be the com- 
mittee to superintend the school and to see that a suitable house was 
built, and twenty-two scholars were to attend: Joseph Naper, 6; 
H. T. Wilson, 2; Richard Sweet, 2; Daniel Landon, 1; James Green, 1; 
Bailey Hobson, 1; John Naper, 1; John Manning, 1; Daniel Wilson, 1; 
Christopher Paine, 3; John Murray, 2; Edward A. Rogers, 1. 

1832 ^ n t ^ e spring of 1832, Black Hawk and his followers com- 
menced their depredations in this region. Half Day, a 
friendly chief of the Pottawatomies on the Fox River, sent a messenger 
advising the settlers to go to Fort Dearborn. This they did at once, 
May 17. The women and children remained at the Fort while the 
men returned to look after the settlements. About the middle of 
June, Captain Naper and Captain Boardman and ten or twelve others 
went to Ottawa to gain assistance in building a fort at Naper Settle- 

4 6 h 


The Naper Mill from a Painting by Hannah Ditzler Alspaugh 

ment. General Atkinson detailed Captain Morgan L. Payne of Joliet, 
with fifty volunteers from Danville, to do the work. 

"Fort Payne was a stockade about 100 feet square, surrounded by 
pickets set in the ground, on two diagonal corners of which were two 
block houses, pierced with port-holes so as to command the prairie in 
every direction." (History of Du Page County, 1882). The eminence 
on which it was built is now a part of "Fort Hill Campus," about 350 
feet south of the intersection of Ellsworth Street and Chicago Avenue. 
The spring which supplied it with water is at the base of the western 
slope of the hill. As soon as the fort was completed, the women and 
children were taken there from Fort - Dearborn. A company of 
mounted volunteers was organized to defend the northern frontier 
against the Sac and Fox Indians. Joseph Naper was the Captain. A 
bronze tablet bearing the names of this company is in the court house 
at Wheaton. When General Scott, with twelve men as bodyguard 
and two wagons drawn by horses, started across the country for Fort 
Armstrong at Rock Island, he arrived at Fort Payne on July 20, and 
spent the first night of his journey at the Fort. General Scott's 
treaty with the Sauks at Rock Island closed this tragic period of the 
Black Hawk War, and the settlers once more resumed the task of 
subduing the wilderness. 

"At a general election held at the house of Joseph Naper in the 
Scott Precinct, in the County of Cook, and State of Illinois, on 

4 7 !*>• 



John Naper Home 

sixth day of August, 1832, the following names of voters appear on the 
the Poll Book: Joseph Naper, Harry Boardman, Stephen M. Salsbury, 
John Manning, Seth Wescott, John Naper, Pierce Hawley, Willard 
Scott, Isaac Scarritt, P. F. W. Peck, Israel P. Blodget, Robert Strong, 
Waken Stowel, R. M. Sweet, Harry T. Wilson, Peter Wycoff, Bailey 

On another Poll Book of an election October 6, 1832, Stephen M. 
Salsbury was elected Justice of Peace and Willard Scott, Constable. 
Fourteen votes were cast: David Lawdon, John Murray, Alanson 
Sweet, Asakel Buckly, Sherman King, Lyman Butterfield, Christopher 
Paine and Caleb Porter were names that did not appear on the other 
Poll Book. 

"Many settlers had arrived during this year and at the end of 1832 
the settlement had 180 souls.' ' 

1833 ^ e ^ rst f rame building in Du Page County was the home 

erected by George Martin, a grain merchant of Edinburgh, 

Scotland. This house stands on Ogden Avenue west of the city 

limits. The beams and floors of this century-old house are fashioned 

■4 8 J> 




Pistols Used by Capt. Joseph Naper 

from black walnut trees which were hewn on the building site and 
sawed at the Naper mill. It is now owned by his granddaughter, 
Carrie Martin Mitchell. 

The first church organized in Naperville is the present Congrega- 
tional Church. 

Stephen A. Beggs was appointed Methodist circuit rider for this 
district with twelve preaching places. 

The first post office at Naper Settlement was named Paw Paw. 

1834 T\v° important highways formed a junction at the Naper 
Settlement. One ran southwestward through Oswego, 
Yorkville and Newark to Ottawa. The other was the southern stage 
route from Chicago to Galena opened in 1834. This made Naperville 
an important center of travel. Here the Pre-Emption House was built 
and is still conducted under its original name. It is probably the 
oldest tavern in the state, and in those early days of the prairie 
schooner, or Pennsylvania wagon, it was noted far and wide for its 
hospitality. The teams from the west were loaded with grain for the 
Chicago market, and those from the east with goods to supply the 

< 9 K 


Clarissa Hobson Bailey Hobson 

needs of the farmers — such as salt, leather, plows and other essentials. 
The frame of this building was erected by George Laird, who then 
sold it to John Stevens who had come in 1832 and bought out a 
claim of P. F. W. Peck. "The Pre-Emption House was then the only 
building on the low grounds. On the elevated grounds were the log 
cabins where the Napers, Dr. White, Dr. Potter, and Alexander 
Howard, who kept the post-office, lived." The framework of this 
building is of oak and the clapboards are of black walnut. 

The Hobson Mill was built in 1834 and run by Bailey Hobson and 
Harry Boardman. The account kept during the building of the mill 
includes these items — "Paid at Buffalo for one set of millstones, 
$190.00; paid John Kinsie for transportation and storage, $46.00, 
Paid Bush for Bolting Cloth. $50.88." On the next page we read — 
"Paid Miss Standish for putting on bolting cloth, $2.00." This was the 
only grist mill in the northern part of the state, and men with teams 
and wagons loaded with grain would camp around the mill waiting their 
turn. Later Bailey Hobson built a tavern to accommodate his patrons . 
This house stands east of the First Bridge. "That man Hobson was a 
philosopher as well as a philanthropist under his outward rough 
exterior. He would say to me, 'What if I sell you a hundred pounds 
of flour — what will the rest do?' His prudence saved much suffering 
that summer among the new immigrants." — Cyrus B. Ingham. 

Joseph Naper was one of the Commissioners to lay out the first 
legally established road through the county, and a stage line was 
established from Chicago to Galena. 

1835 A new frame building was erected on the 
corner of Washington Street and Benton 
Avenue and used for a school building. 

4 10 J>- 


Hobson's Mill 1836 

1836 Captain Joseph Naper was a Representative of Cook County 
in the State Legislature — 1836-'42, a contemporary of 
Abraham Lincoln. In the session of 1839-40, "Joseph Naper of Cook 
County introduced a bill for the repeal of the whole license law, while 
Robert McMillan of Edgar County proposed a more stringent measure. 
Keen and pointed debate arose. Joseph Naper was against so high a 
license fee; and, besides, the Legislature had no right to interfere with 
men's appetites; 'public opinion ought to regulate these matters!' ' ! 
(Abraham Lincoln by Albert J. Beveridge.) 

The Naperville Agricultural Works was established to manufacture 
Naperville Plows which acquired a most enviable reputation. 

In this year a road was cut from Naperville to Aurora and westward 
to Big Rock. A group of thirty-three men at the Aurora settlement 
offered inducements to the stages, such as keeping drivers and teams 
without charge. In this way they succeeded in diverting 
the travel from the crossing at Montgomery, and a 
post-office was established at Aurora in 1837. 

4 11 J* 




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Poll Book — August 6, 1832 

4 12 fc 



Typical Pioneer Home 

1837 ^ e E van g e li ca l Church of Naperville was organized with 
fifteen members. The services were held in private homes 

and school rooms for six years. 

1838 Wul^d Scott, with his family, moved to Naperville. He 
built the Naperville Hotel, a three-story frame building and 

made it a well-known hostelry for eight years. During the years that 
the "Forty-niners" left for California, their meeting place was in front 
of this hotel. Later Mr. James Dunlap bought the building and rented 
the rooms for offices. James Kendig's photography studio was on the 
third floor. Most of the early photographs and public views were 
taken by Mr. Kendig. Carl Broeker's new building, erected in 1927, 
now occupies this site. 

1839 ^ u P a § e was established as a County. The first election for 
County officers was held at the Pre-Emption House, on the 

first Monday in May. S. M. Skinner, Stephen J. Scott 
and L. G. Butler were appointed by law as judges of the 
election. Naperville was selected for the county seat and 
$5,000 was subscribed for the erection of a court house. 

•4 13 > 


Daughters of Mr. and Mrs. Bailey Hobson 
Nancy Jane, Martha, Adela, Elvira, Charlotte, Ellen 

An election was held to determine whether the citizens of the towns 
of Wheatland and Du Page wished to become a part of Du Page 
County. This election was lost by one vote. 

The Du Page County Society for Mutual Protection was formed in 
Naperville. This was to guard against claim-jumping and to settle 
various disputes. 

1840 "The Naper sawmill was torn down to give place to a 
flouring mill with two run of stones." 

1841 ^ e E van £ e l ic al Church was built in this year. Captain 
Naper donated the lot on Van Buren Avenue where the 

Lutheran Church now stands. A division was built down the center 
of the pews, the east side being for the men and the west side for the 

1842 December 8 was appointed by the Congregational Society 
as a day of thanksgiving, and the community was invited 

to participate. This was probably the first observance of a day of 

-4 14 J> 



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Bailey Hobson's Account Book — 1834 

thanksgiving in Du Page County. Rev. ]. H. Prentiss was the pastor. 
Captain Joseph Naper surveyed and laid out the town in streets. 
His plat, bearing the date of February 14, 1842, comprised about 
eighty acres. 

1843 ^ e first trustees of Naperville Cemetery were elected on 
March 12: Joseph Naper, Lewis Ellsworth and John Granger. 
George Martin donated two acres of land, and the old cemetery at 
the northeast corner of Washington Street and Benton Avenue was 
transferred to its present location. 

"The Baptist Church in Naperville was organized in 1843, with 
nine members, by Rev. Morgan Edwards. Immediate steps were taken 
to erect a house of worship. A building was commenced on the 
foundation of the present Congregational Church, but a difficulty 
arose between the owner of the lots, who had not yet conveyed them 
to the society, and one of its members. In consequence of this the 
owner refused to give title and forbade the removal of the partly 
constructed building. A committee waited upon him, but 
finding all their overtures in vain, a large number of the most 

4 15}> 


prominent citizens of the place met and forcibly took down and 
removed the edifice to its present site, which was donated to the 
society by Lewis Ellsworth, Esq. In 1844, the building was so far ad- 
vanced that it was occupied by the Congregational and Baptist 
societies, each on alternate Sabbaths. In 1847 the church was enlarged 
and improved. A belfry and steeple were built upon it from which 
sounded the first church bell in the county." (This bell is now 
our city fire bell). 

1845 ^ n April 19, a committee of the Congregational Church 
selected a site at Naperville. The land was donated by 

Capt. Morris Sleight on two conditions: that no part of the land 
should be used as a burial ground, and that there should be a cupola 
and bell on the church. 

"The Naperville Library" was incorporated with thirty subscribers, 
who elected five trustees: John Granger, Allan Mcintosh, Selinus M. 
Skinner, Nathan Allen, James F. Wight. The shares were $5.00 each, 
with a yearly tax on each share, fines and penalties. Some books were 
presented by shareholders and others were purchased. 

R. N. Murray was the proprietor of the second hotel in Naperville, 
the New York House. This building was first used for a wagon and 
blacksmith shop, now occupied by Reiche's hardware store. 

1846 ^ ne Methodist Church site was bought for $120 and a small 
frame building was erected. 

Willard Scott, Sr., established a first class mercantile house — 
"Scott's General Store". 

The SS. Peter &. Paul Parish was at first a mission of the Joliet 
church, the priest coming once a month to hold services in the homes. 
In 1846 the first church was built; a frame building located in the 
center of the block south of the present Parochial School. In 1 864 this 
building was used for school purposes. The first official act of the 
Rev. Father Raphael Rainaldi, according to the county records, was 
the marriage of Robert Le Beau to Emily Beaubien, on September 8. 
The first land for the S. S. Peter and Paul Catholic Cemetery was 
purchased, containing about an acre. 

A company of infantry was organized and went to the Mexican War 
under Capt. E. B. Bill. Captain Joseph Naper served as Quarter- 
master, and acted as aide to General Taylor in the battle of Buena Vista. 

1847 ^ n J anuar Y 28, the Congregational Church, begun in 1846, 
was dedicated. It is the second oldest Congregational 

Church in Illinois, having been organized in 1833 as a Presbyterian 
Church by Rev. Porter and Rev. Clark. There were nineteen members 
from homes scattered over a territory of several miles. In 1834 they 
voted to become Congregational. The church at first included the 

4 16 J> 



Pre-Emption House Built in 1834 

Naper Settlement, the East Branch Settlement, Lisle, and Downers 
Grove neighborhood, Big Woods, Strong and Clark Settlement, and 
the Northern neighbors. In 1839 they decided to build a church at 
Naperville, after having held services in private houses, school 
houses, a tent procured for the purpose, and in the Court House. 

1849 ^ n e Pid em i c °f cholera took the lives of many citizens 
during this year. On December 1, Volume 1, No. 1 of the 

Du Page County Recorder was printed. This was the first newspaper 
in Naperville. Editor — Charles Sellon. 

The Du Page County Nurseries were established by Lewis Ellsworth. 

1850 This notice appeared in the Du Page County Recorder for 
January 3: "Plank Wanted — We will take any amount of 

white or burr oak plank from those indebted to us, if delivered at 
Naperville, or any other place on the line of the Naperville and Oswego 
plank road, before the first day of April, in payment of their account, 
or will pay goods for them. The planks to be eight feet long, three 
inches thick, and not more than thirteen 
inches wide. 500,000 feet of plank wanted 

< 17 >■ 




Baptist Church Building — 1843 

for the stock of the company. — Naper and Skinner; Lyman and 
Company; W. Scott 6k Son; A. H. Howard &. Company; A. Kieth; 
H. L. Peaslee and Company, George Martin." 

The plank road consisted of a single track, eight feet wide, made 
by laying down two stringers and covering them with three inch 
planks. The stringers were imbedded in the earth so that 
the weight of the plank rested directly upon the earth. 
Less than a year after the construction the defects of the 
road began to appear. On the low prairies the ditches 
dug along the sides of the road filled with water and over- 
flowed. The heavy traffic caused the planks to slip, and 
a cavity developed underneath. Then the planks 
began to decay. The Southwestern Plank Road 
from Chicago to Riverside was opened in 
September, 1848. The toll was 373^2 cents for a 
four-horse vehicle, 25 cents for a single team, 
and 123^ cents for horse and rider. By the 
close of 1851 this road extended to Naperville 
where it connected with a road under con- 
struction to Oswego. The roads were owned 

4 18 J* 


Home of R. N. Murray where Stephen A. Douglas 
was Entertained in 1856 

by private corporations, there being several in the county. 

The Democratic Plain Dealer, an organ of Democracy, succeeded 
the Recorder. During the same year, u The Daughter of Temperance", 
a small sheet of four pages, was published weekly. 

April — Notices of School Term session — Naperville Female 
School, P. Jane Turner — Naperville Select School, J. P. Babbit. 

"California Emigrants — It is estimated that over one hundred 
persons have gone from this village and vicinity." 

May 14 — A letter from Placer Valley, California, written by Robert 
Naper to the Recorder: — "I see by the few papers that chance throws 
in my hands that the great National Railroad question across the 
plains and mountains is greatly agitating the minds of the people of 
the United States. Although I do not consider it impossible to con- 
struct such a road, I consider it one of the wildest and most foolish 
schemes that ever was seriously entertained by an intelligent people 

Should the work be commenced at both ends of the route, 

it is my candid opinion that before the center was completed, the ends 
would be worn out transporting materials." 

1851 "^ ne ^ u P a § e County Observer followed the Plain Dealer. 

Published by Barnes, Humphrey and Keith 
in 1851, and Barnes, Martin and Keith in 1851-'52. 

4 19 J> 


The books and funds belonging to the "Naperville Library" were 
donated to the Academy Association. 

Forty cords of stone, valued at $100, were given to the Academy 
building by George Martin I. 

The Naperville Academy was incorporated in this year. Among 
the names of incorporators were John Collins, Joseph Naper, and 
Lewis Ellsworth. 

1852 Captain Joseph Naper was Representative of Du Page 
County in the State Legislature 1852~'54. 

Oct. 20 — "The Catholic Society has placed two large and very 
fine toned bells in the belfry of their church." 

Dec. 1 was the date of the opening of the Naperville Academy. 
Rev. N. F. Atkins was the first principal followed by C. W. Richmond. 
Beside common branches of education, a classical course including 
music, drawing and painting, was taught. Mrs. Atkins was precept- 
ress and Mrs. L. P. Stow was teacher of music. 

1853 March 8 — From the report of school commissioner: 
"Four district schools — no school house and no effort 

being made to erect one. Mrs. L. K. Rich — 24 pupils, Miss 
Margaret Riddler — 40 pupils, Mrs. B. C. Sargent — 60 pupils 
(private), Mr. Ignatius Derivaux — 20 pupils." 

Nov. 2 — From a lengthy letter written by a correspondent, M. C. 
M., who was favorably impressed with Naperville, to the Du Page 
County Observer: "Naperville has 1200 inhabitants. The Court 
House is not a very fine building, although much better than your 
old Chicago one. The jail is located in the basement and is a very 
small affair. The mail from Chicago is supplied daily from Warren 
Station by one of Frink & Co's. four horse stages, which passes 
through Warrenville. All the principal streets are furnished with 
good plank walks. This improvment is the work of the ladies of this 
flourishing little town. After petitioning in vain for sidewalks, they 
got up fairs and in a short time had the necessary funds." 

The Du Page County Agricultural and Mechanical Society was 
organized to promote improvement and enterprise in the cultivation 
of the soil, the raising of stock and the manufacturing of useful 
farming and household necessities. The first and second Fairs were 
held at Naperville, the third Fair at Wheaton and in 1857 the Fair 
Grounds were permanently located at Wheaton. 

The murder of one Patrick Tole by Patrick Doyle took place 
north of Warren Station. Doyle was tried at Naperville and 
sentenced to be hanged. 

The Du Page Eclectic Nurseries were established by 
R. W. and R. M. Hunt. 

4 20 >• 


Water Street — Now Chicago Avenue 

1854 ^ e ^ u ^ age bounty Journal, conducted by C. W. Keith, 
J. M. Edson and E. M. Day successively, took the place of 

the Du Page Observer. 

Willard Scott, Sr., and his son Thaddeus, opened a banking and 
exchange office in connection with their general store. 

1855 ^* P eter an d P au l Parish built their first school building. In 
1864 the frame church building was used for school purposes. 

1856 ^ Fourth of July celebration, was held, with an eloquent 
address by H. G. Spafford of Chicago. A toast proposed by 

C. H. P. Lyman: "May each returning anniversary inspire our youth, 
our young men, and our grey-haired fathers with the living fire of pure 

George Martin II moved his brick yard from the foot of Washington 
Street at the north east corner of the cemetery, to the Tile Works on 
Oswego Road. This was the firm of Martin &. King. 

Sept. 27 — Stephen A. Douglas spoke in Naperville at a 
Democratic meeting which was held at the corner of Jefferson 
Avenue and Eagle Street, then a grove. A snow 
storm drove the crowd into the basement of the 

•< 21 I*> 


Willard Scott Caroline Scott 

Academy where the speech was finished. Mr. Douglas was enter- 
tained at the home of R. N. Murray on Main Street. 

Twenty-five hundred Jones plows were manufactured and sold in 
one year at $15.00 each. These plows were first made in 1840 by 
A. S. Jones. 

The Naperville Artillery Company was organized July 21, with an 
armory at the Academy. "The uniform was a suit of deep blue — 
frock coat — blue cloth cap with glazed frontpiece — black plume with 
white tip — and an extra pair of white pants." 

The first stone bridge on Main Street was built by Robert Reed 
according to plans drawn by James Mulvey. 

A stone brewery was built by N. and J. Stenger. The malt house 
was erected in 1864. These buildings are being used (1931) by A. V. 
Jackson for growing mushrooms. 

1857 ^ e Naper Settlement was organized as the Village of 
Naperville. At the first election, held May 4, there were 174 
votes cast. 

(Copy of the Oath Taken by Joseph Naper, 
First President of Village) 

I, Joseph Naper, having on the fourth day of May, A. D. 1857, been 
elected President of the Common Council of the Village of Naperville, 
in said County, as provided for by the act incorporating said Village, 
approved February 7th, 1857, do solemnly swear that I will support the 
Constitution of the United States, and the Constitution of the State 
of Illinois, and that I will faithfully, fairly, impartially perform the 
duties of said office of President of the said Common 
Council according to law and the best of my understand- 
ing and abilities; that I have not fought a duel, nor sent 

-4 22 \> 



Northeast Corner Washington Street and Jefferson Avenue 

or accepted a challenge to fight a duel, the probable issue of 
which might have been the death of either party, nor been a second 
to either party, nor in any manner aided or assisted in such duel, nor 
been knowingly the bearer of such challenge or acceptance, since the 
adoption of the Constitution, and that I will not be so engaged or 
concerned, directly or indirectly, in or about any such duel, during my 
continuance in office. So help me God. Toseph Naper 

The Trustees elected were George Martin, Michael Hines, Xavier 
Egermann and H. H. Cody. C. M. Castle, Clerk. 

March 21 — The Producer's Bank was located on the southeast 
corner of Jefferson and Main. The Honorable James Wright and 
George Martin formed a partnership for the transaction of General 

The James G. Wright family were English people. Their home, 
originally a log house, was on the farm now occupied by Mr. W. D. 
Callender. The old English mansion is a most beautiful example of 
English Architecture. This house was built of brick made in 
Warrenville and the lumber in it was the first load of lumber ever 

< 23 \> 


shipped over the Northwestern railroad when it extended only as 
far west as Wheaton. 

An election was held to determine whether the county seat should 
be changed to Wheaton, since that town was in the center of the 
county and had the Northwestern Railroad. The proposition lost. 

The great freshet occurred Feb. 5, 6 and 7. The dams at Warren- 
ville and Naperville were washed out. Huge cakes of ice packed up 
against the four arches of the stone bridge, forming an ice jam and 
throwing torrents of water out over the banks on both sides, carrying 
away all of the frame buildings along the river in that block, including 
the Du Page Journal. A barn from the south side of the river was 
dashed down the stream, taking the wooden bridge with it. By means 
of long poles, huge cakes of ice were guided around the bank building 
which occupied the southwest corner of Washington Street and 
Chicago Avenue. 

In this year the first History of Du Page County was published by 
C. W. Richmond. Fortunate indeed are the possessors of this rare 
edition of early pioneer history. 

1858 ^^ e Evangelical Church building was sold to the Lutheran 
congregation, and the well known "Brick Church" was 
built on the corner of Center Street and Franklin Avenue. Rev. 
Dickover was the pastor. 

"A Masonic and Odd Fellows celebration was held in Naperville, 
on St. Johns Day, December 27, 1858. It was the inauguration of 
Capt. Sleight's new and splendid building, under the management of 
the following committee: James G. Wright, C. D. Haight, Thaddeus 
Scott, James J. Hunt, Thomas Naper, John Collins", Charles Luling, 
C. M. Castle, H. F. Valette, C. W. Richmond, Robert Naper, Wm. J. 
Laird and Phillip Orcutt. Tickets for the supper — Lady and Gentle- 
man, $1.50. Tickets for the Ball — Lady and Gentleman, $2.50." 
This hall was on the southeast corner of Washington Street and 
Jefferson Avenue. 

The St. John's Evangelical Lutheran Church was organized with 
twenty members. The church building on West Van Buren Street 
was bought from the Evangelical people, and it is still their house of 
worship. Rev. P. Brueckner is the present pastor. 

1860 ^ ne Academy building was purchased by School District 78, 
in 1860, and was used for a public school until it was razed in 
1928. A special charter, obtained in 1863, is still in force, whereby 
the Board receives the funds directly from the County Collector and 
County Superintendent. 

The celebrated u Burch Divorce Case" was held in the 
Court House November 12 to December 10, when the jury 

•4 24 J> 



Xavier Egermann, 

Joseph Naper, 

H. H. Cody, 


IBs 2 : 



George Martin, 

Michael Hines, 

C. M. Castle 


decided in favor of Mrs. Burch. Orville Hickman Browning was one 
of the lawyers for the defense. He wrote in his diary, "At night the 
citizens with a band of music came and serenaded me, and I had to 
make them a little speech. The jury all called on me at my room 
(in the New York Hotel kept by Mr. Becker) and afterwards Gil 
Davidson, and some of his friends made me go over to the Pre- 
Emption House and drink and rejoice with them till eleven o'clock." 
Later he said, "I charged $2,500 which they paid without a moment's 
hesitation." This trial was noted for its length, its bitter debate, 
and the social prominence of its litigants. R. N. Murray was one of 
the solicitors. 

"When the Civil War broke out a number of Naperville young men 
volunteered to go to the front; some enlisted in the 7th, 9th and 13th 
regiments. In 1861 the 8th Cavalry was formed, and many 
of our boys, some only twenty years of age and others less, 
enlisted. Later, the 105th Infantry took another lot of our 

4 25 \> 


men, and the company formed in the Public Square preparatory to 
going to Wheaton to take the Northwestern train. When the news 
came that Fort Sumter had been fired upon, great fear took posses- 
sion of our town people. People were out on the street all night and 
wagons were moving and men talking." h. d. a. 

The name of Charles Beckman of Naperville stands at the head of 
the muster roll of Company K, Thirteenth Infantry, the first organi- 
zation to enter the service from Du Page County. 

"The Newsletter" (? — 1862) published by D. B. Birdsall followed 
the Du Page County Journal, after the latter was literally carried away 
by the flood of 1857. 

1863 "The Newsletter" was succeeded by the Du Page County 
Press, 1863-'68, published by Robert Naper and R. K. Potter. 

1864 ^ e ^ rst a ^ tat i° n f° r a railroad began in 1851, but met 
with strenuous opposition by the stockholders of the Plank 

Road. On May 20, 1864, the C. B. & Q. Railroad was finished 
through Naperville, giving a new impetus to the development of the 

The cornerstone of the second building of the SS. Peter and Paul 
Catholic Church was laid. "The stone for this church was quarried 
along the river a few miles south of Naperville, where the parish 
purchased an acre of land from which to obtain the stone." The Rev. 
Father Fischer was the pastor. 

1865 ^ n J an * ^ tne ^ t# J onns Episcopal Church was consecrated, 
Bishop Whitehouse officiating. Services Were first held in 

November 1838 by Rev. Cornish of Joliet, and the parish was officially 
organized on January 22, 1850. Captain Morris Sleight presented 
ground for the building, and in 1870 a rectory was built on a lot 
donated by Mrs. Delcar Sleight. 

"The enlargement of our Cemetery suggests the erection of a monu- 
ment to perpetuate the memory of our soldiers who have offered up 
their lives for the salvation of the country." 

From the Du Page County Press, May 31, 1865. "The return of the 
soldiers. The long-looked-for-day of happiness is at last upon us — 
the day that shall welcome to their homes the long-absent ones who 
have, as it were, borne on their bayonets the hopes of the country, 
and at the risk of their lives, saved Freedom from her enemies. For 
four long years full of hardship and danger, monotony and privation, 
and even sometimes of apparent ingratitude, have our warriors 
endured the horrors of warfare." 

A wooden bridge was built over the river on Washing- 
ton Street. 

< 26 J> 




Ellsworth Home and Nurseries on Fort Hill 

1866 ^ e Naperville Nurseries, containing twenty acres, were 
established by Ernest Von Oven at the junction of the 
Oswego and Aurora Roads. Mr. Von Oven came to this vicinity 
in 1857, and was connected with Martin and Von Oven, extensive 
brick and tile manufacturers, and Boecker and Von Oven, proprietors 
of the Naperville Stone Company. 

"The new store of Robert Naper is probably the most capacious 
retail establishment to be found outside of the large cities." 

"The buildings owned by M. B. Powell, Robert Wilson, with the 
store of Mark Beaubien, on Water Street, were raised to grade. The 
job was a heavy one, but satisfactorily executed by Benj. Ainsworth 
of Big Woods." 

Oct. 17 — A Republican mass meeting was held in the Court 
House Square. Music by the Naperville Brass Band. Speakers — 
Hon. L. Trumbull and Hon. B. C. Cook. 300-500 in attendance. 

"Strang and Son are erecting a large stone building opposite 
the Pre-Emption House." 

The Merchants Express Company was organized — Mr. 
Talcott appointed agent for Naperville. 

•4 27 J> 


Willard Scott, Jr., with C. M. Castle assisting, assumed charge of 
the store of Willard Scott <Sl Company. Willard Scott, Sr., moved 
the banking business into the new brick building erected north of the 
store. A. McS. S. Riddler was the cashier. 

1867 A part °f Court Street was vacated by an act of the Legis- 
lature. March 13 — "The largest bell in town was placed 

in the steeple of the Evangelical Church last week, costing upwards 
of $500.00, 

"On January 30th a housewarming was held at the new and 
spacious mansion of Willard Scott. Over 100 guests were present 
(corner of Washington and Franklin)." 

"Reuss' new building on Washington Street will be one of the best 
building locations in town." 

"Wm. Shimp, wheelright, is building a large shop on the south side 
of the river." 

The Naperville Base Ball Club was organized with four nines — 
Chas. Stutenroth, Secretary. 

Wheaton called another election on the County seat question, 
which resulted favorably for them; however, Naperville refused to 
relinquish the records or recognize the result of the election. 

1868 ^ e Board of Supervisors selected a site for the County 
buildings at Wheaton and suitable buildings were con- 
structed. In the meantime injunctions were served and counter 
proceedings instituted to retard the removal of the county records. 
On a certain night forty daring citizens of Wheaton quietly 
drove down to Naperville, backed a wagon to the windows of the 
Court House, loaded the books thereon and in a few hours Wheaton 
was the county seat. Friendship ties were severed, one man was killed 
at Wheaton, and things were said and done which are better forgotten 
rather than recounted as history. 

The Court House Square was deeded by the Board of Supervisors 
to Naperville, to be used for park purposes. 

Jan. 1 — Naper's new hall was dedicated on New Year's Eve by a 
grand ball given by the proprietor of the Pre-Emption House. 

Feb. — David B. Givler bought the Du Page County Observer 
from R. K. Potter. He changed the name of the paper to The 
Naperville Clarion, under which name it is still published. 

1870 " J an - 29 — 23 degrees below zero by the Editor's 
thermometer." April 16 — "We are now manu- 
facturing the long-sought-for plow that existed once but 
long lost — the old Naperville Plow. Ruch and Strauss, 
Naperville Plow Works." 

■4 28 f>- 




Du Page River and Stone Bridge — 1856 

July 13 — "Baseball thrives in Naperville. We have the First Nine 
and the Second; the Red Breeches and the Blue; the Heavy Hitters 
and the Light Weights; the White Whiskers and the Cotton Tails." 

The Naperville Base Ball Club played matched games with Lemont, 
Warrenville, Lisle, Downers Grove and Wheaton. The detailed 
accounts of these games occupied much space in the weekly Clarion. 

Aug. 24 — "The Naperville Brass Band, Mr. James G. Valette, 
leader, circulated around town Saturday. The boys were highly 
complimented. They did extremely well for the first attempt." 

North Western College (now North Central) was dedicated on 
Oct. 4. Addresses were given by Bishop Dubs, Pres. Blanchard of 
Wheaton College, Judge Cody, Rev. Cunningham and the Hon. R. N. 
Murray. Naperville donated a site of eight acres and $25,000. Later 
a group of ten citizens, who signed a note of $5,000 were called upon to 
pay the same. Miss Nancy Cunningham (later Mrs. H. W. Knicker- 
bocker) was chosen Preceptress of North Western College. 

Dec. 3 — "Mrs. Lindeman, formerly of Chicago, has 
purchased Dr. Mussman's building on Jefferson Avenue 
where she intends to open a toy store." 

4 29 j> 


Dec. 16 — "On and after this date the bells of the Evangelical and 
Lutheran churches will be rung as fire bells of our village. — Willard 
Scott, Jr., Fire Marshal." 

Two Years Ago and Now (Naperville Clarion, 1870) 
"Every careful observer will not fail to take cognizance of the vast 
difference in the status of Naperville now and two years ago. The 
fall of '68 was the darkest period in the history of this village, arising 
out of our county seat troubles and intestine strife. Who does not 
remember it all. In those days injunctions and counter-injunctions 
were the order of the day; arrests, trials, indictments, and other an- 
noyances were resorted to, and a constant excitement was kept up. 
The public offices were ransacked and the public records carried off; 
public officers were tormented, threatened, cajoled, frightened, and 
persecuted in various ways, and an unpleasant, unhealthy state of 
things existed. 

Dec. 31 — "The Wheaton Illinoian and Naperville Clarion agree to 
drop all past differences that have kept the people of this county in a 
state of unfriendliness the past six years. 

1871 ^ n J anuar y 1> tne Naperville Agricultural Works, under the 
management of Bouton, Whitehead &. Company, sent out 
a price list of Naperville Plows and Western Star Forks. 

In October occurred the great Chicago Fire. Although there was 
no organized Red Cross Society at this time, the spirit of good will 
was in evidence. College students went from house to house soliciting 
food for the homeless refugees of Chicago. 

1873 ^ ne College Chronicle was published by North Western 
College (now North Central) from 1873-76 and from 1883 

to date. It is printed at the Clarion Office. 

The Naperville Tile and Brick Works — Martin and King partner- 
ship agreement is dated Feb. 4, 1873. This was George Martin II. 

The Union Biblical Institute — now Evangelical Theological 
Seminary — was organized and incorporated. 

1874 After tne fi re °f J u ^ 6, when the New York House at 
Naperville burned, and it was necessary for the village to 

appeal to Aurora for help, the need of some kind of fire protection 
was recognized. On August 8 the village council appointed a com- 
mittee to purchase a fire engine and equipment. On December 12 
this Committee, C. W. Richmond, Willard Scott, Jr., and Nicholas 
Yack, reported the purchase of one hand engine, one hose cart, 700 
feet of hose and other equipment at a cost of $1752.00. A volunteer 
company organized to operate the apparatus and on November 21 
Willard Scott, Jr., was appointed fire marshal by the council. 

4 30 l> 


View Westward from Corner of Ellsworth and Benton 

On December 18, in the early morning, the post office, express 
office and other buildings on Main Street south of Jefferson were burned. 

1875 ^^ e °^ court house building was removed, the brick 
offices were converted into an engine house, and the grounds 

fenced and otherwise improved. 

A business building was erected by Mr. Schultz — "solid founda- 
tion, heavy walls, French plate glass fronts, walnut and ash floors, all 
topped off by a neat cornice." (Jefferson Avenue and Main Street) 

Sept. 17 — The Village Council authorized the purchase of a hook 
and ladder truck and the " Rescue" Hook and Ladder Company was 

1876 ^ u £* ^ — "The improvements on the Catholic Church are 
being pushed rapidly forward by large forces of carpenters 

and masons. The exterior of the walls is to be cement and blocked 
off in squares representing marble blocks and the steeple raised to 152 
feet in height. The talked-of town clock has not been bought yet." 

4 31 \> 



The N aperville 
Guards, a company 
of State Militia, was organized 
with Samuel Smith as Captain. 

1878 Ernest Von Oven 
purchased William 

King's interest in the tile and 
brick business of Martin and 


1879 N° v * 19 — The train 
carrying General and 

Mrs. Grant on their trip around 
the world stopped at Naper- 
ville. Mr. H. W. Knickerbocker 
made a short speech. Gen. 
Grant bowed and thanked the 
people for their kind reception, 
while he shook hands with all 
who came within reach. 

Five lots of Sleight's College 
Addition were bought by the 
Directors of School District 7, 
and a building, to be used by 
the advanced class, was erected 
by Abram Kinzie for $560.00. 

1881 "The greenhouses 
that have for so many 
years been an object of interest 
in Naperville located near the 
Honorable Lewis Ellsworth's 
residence are being taken down 
and removed to Batavia." 

1882 O n J u *y F° urtn > tne 

fifteenth anniversary 
of the Naperville Light Guard 
Band was celebrated. 

Daniel Meiley in Civil War Uniform 1883 May 1 —"The Bap- 

tist Church is rapidly 
passing into a heap of ruins. It is a pity to have so good a building 
wrecked. It ought to be put to some good use, be it ever so far 
from what it was originally intended." (Goetsch's warehouse on 
South Washington at the end of Jackson Avenue.) 

4 32 J> 


The Old Wooden Bridge — 1865 

" Owing to the scarcity of water in the river during the summer 
months, when the fish have to crawl into a crab hole to get a drink, 
would it not be advisable to erect cisterns along the river to be filled 
with water to use in case of fire?" 

The Naperville Woman's Christian Temperance Union was 
organized on Sept. 20. Mrs. E. Grant Simpson is president in 1931. 
The number of members are 250. 

1884 ^he Walter Blanchard Post, Grand Army of the Republic 
was organized in Scott's Hall, January 7 with twenty-two 
members. The Post received its name from Captain Walter Blanchard 
of Downers Grove, of the 13th Illinois Infantry. Willard Scott, John 
Alspaugh, Frank Goetsch, Fred Kailer, Edwin C. Rickert, Lewis Rich 
and John Pace are the members of the organization in May, 1931. 

Jan. 24 — "Brilliant Season of Roller Skating. Gents — Admission 
fifteen cents, ladies ten cents. Skating for gents, fifteen cents; for 
ladies, ten cents. John W. Collins and Arthur B. Cody, Proprietors." 

The Boecker and Von Oven stone quarry began operation in this 

<\ 33 >> 




Jefferson Avenue Looking West from Washington Street — 1867 

The north span of the wooden bridge collapsed on account of 
decay, and an iron bridge was ordered built. 

Two additional lots in College Addition were bought ($400.00) by 
School District No. 7, and a two story brick school building erected. 
The bonds were sold to Jonas Walker, Ferdinand Schwartz, Harriet 
Hobson and Emmanuel Holler. W. O. Seibert was the Principal. 

The bell taken from the Baptist Church building was placed on the 
Reuss building for a fire bell. 

1885 ^ n F eDruar v 2, the village clerk was instructed to issue an 
order to the Massilon Bridge Co. for $2,900.00, and on May 
1, the various items amounting to $4,107.68 were ordered paid. Do 
you remember the sign, "$5.00 fine for driving faster than a walk or 
driving more than ten head of cattle over this bridge at one time."? 

The first public telephone was installed in the store of Tom Saylor 
on Jefferson Ave. Then a switch board was put in Ed Dieter's Drug 
Store, and later Mrs. Skelton had the central office in her home on the 
corner of Washington Street and Chicago Avenue. 

4 34 y- 


Washington Street Looking North from Jefferson Avenue — 1867 

1886 ^ n ordinance was passed allowing the C. B. &. Q. R. R. 
Company the right to lay down the track on Ewing Street. 

"Our Congregational brethren have made another improvement 
in their place of worship, by placing the heating apparatus in a newly 
constructed basement. This will do away with the stoves, equalize 
the warmth, make the audience room comfortable and greatly assist 
in procuring the attention of sleepy auditors who cuddle down in the 
warmest corner they can find." 

"The Chicago road east of Naperville is being gravelled from a bed 
of gravel being developed in Mr. Sleight's timber lot." 

"The Band boys feel very thankful toward the citizens of Naperville 
and others who donated toward paying for their new uniforms." 

On May 1 George Ruess opened a private bank. 

1887 ^ ne ^ re Steamer "Enterprise" was purchased for $2800; 
Joseph Egermann was Fire Marshal. 

The Naperville Manufacturing Company was organized for the 
manufacture of lounge frames. 

4 35 y- 



Laying of Cornerstone of Northwestern 
(now North Central) College — 1870 

Feb. 9 — "The Du Page River has once more become a raging 
torrent after a rain of thirty-six hours following much ice and snow. 
The volume of water is greater than thirty years ago, but the flood 
was of short duration." 

1888 ^ ve ^ re c i sterns were ordered to be built — forty-six feet 
by ten feet, and ten feet deep for fire protection. A hose cart 

and 800 feet of hose were purchased for $860.00. 

1889 ^ petition was filed that an election be held for the purpose 
of voting on the question of incorporating the village as a 

city, signed by fifty-two voters. 

April 10 — "Residents along the Du Page River south of Naperville 
may have been surprised Monday evening to see the water in the river 
rise suddenly and recede again as rapidly. Well, it was caused by 
letting the water out of the pond at this place, the dam having been 
rent by the use of dynamite. This was done to enable the quarries 
to be worked more extensively and with less bother from water 
during the summer." 

May 1 — "Wonderful changes are taking place in the quarry 
district. The river is being confined to narrow limits by solid walls; 
graders are building a solid bed for the branch road; the old mill has 
been moved westward and the old shed fixed up for a depot. Every- 
thing indicates big business and a wonderful boom for Naperville." 

< 36 J* 





Seated — James Vallete, Mordecai Jenkins, Valentine Dieter, Mr. Knetzger, 

Joseph Bapst, August Schwein, John V. Kreger, Albert Germann, John W. 

Collins, Walter Daniels. 
Standing — Joseph Kochly, Frank Youngheim, Joseph Hiltenbrand, Sylvester 

Beidelman, Frank Goetsch, Matthias Dockendorf, Samuel Kreider, John 

Kropf, Paul Hammersmith. 

The City Hall was completed. J. W. Baumgartner was paid $435.00 
in full for building it. ]. Mulvey, the architect, was paid $25.00. 

The Centennial Celebration of the Inauguration of General 
George Washington as President ot the United States occurred on 
April 17. Exercises were held at Scott's Hall at nine in the morning and 
the grand parade at ten o'clock. Speeches were made by H. H. Rass- 
weiler, J. H. Batten, J. L. Nichols, H. H. Goodrich, D. B. Givler. There 
were three fine bands of music, and the grand display of fireworks in 
the Public Square at eight o'clock that night. The States of the Union 
were represented by young ladies dressed in white, with Theresa Sten- 
ger as the Goddess of Liberty. Four little girls represented the territories. 

1890 Naperville was organized as a city. At an election held March 

17, 338 voted for the change of form of city government, 

and 61 against. The first mayor under the city charter was ]. J. Hunt. 

4 37 >> 


The electric light plant started operation under private ownership. 
North Western College (now North Central) , added the south wing 
to the main stone building. 

1891 ^he First National Bank of Naperville was incorporated in 
April with a capital stock of $50,000. T. P. Phillips was 

president, and A. McS. S. Riddler, cashier. The present Capital 
Stock is $75,000; Surplus, $75,000. Today (1931), Irving Goodrich 
is president, and W. M. Givler, cashier. 

The frame building of Grace Evangelical Church, corner of Loomis 
and Benton, was dedicated March 1, with Reverend John Divan as 

The name Lisle Graded School was changed to Ellsworth School. 

1892 SS. Peter and Paul Parish erected a brick school building 
with Carolus Hall occupying the second floor. The cost 

was $30,000. 

During the month of April it rained almost continuously for twenty- 
seven days, causing another season of high water. The greater part 
of the west wall of the stone bridge crumbled and the present stone 
bridge was constructed at Main Street. 

The Naperville Cheese Company erected a building on S. Eagle 
Street. This firm organized in 1885 under the name of Egermann and 
Bauer. The present yearly production amounts to $60,000.00. 
William Sigmund is president. (1931) 

1893 "^ Bicycle Parade — Let every rider of a bicycle assemble 
on the evening of the twenty-fourth at Dieter's corner for 

the purpose of taking part in a big parade. Bring your wheel properly 
decorated, with head lights lighted. This parade is to show our 
citizens the increased interest lately taken in this comparatively new 
mode of locomotion." H. W. Knickerbocker headed the parade fol- 
lowed by twenty-four cyclists from Naperville and eight from Wheaton. 

1896 The J. I- Nichols Co., publishers of subscription books, was 
organized shortly after the death of its founder, with a 
capital of $60,000. J. L. Nichols II is President. The Nichols 
Business Guide, first published in 1886, has reached a sale of over 
4,000,000 copies, and with annual revisions, is still in the lead. 

July 28, 29, 30 — The Eighth Annual State Tournament of the 
Illinois Fireman's Association was held here. Naperville won the 
Novelty Hose Race in 34^ seconds. It was held in Burlington Park 
at a cost of $5,000. Naperville was beautifully decorated. Two fine 
arches on Jefferson Avenue and Washington Street were erected. The 
address of welcome was made by the Honorable John H. Batten. 

4 38 J* 



View of Naperville — 1876, from Aurora Road Near the Large Stone"Quarry 


897 ^^ e P r i va1:e bank owned by George Reuss became merged 
in a corporation April 12, under the name of Reuss State 
Bank, with a capital stock of $25,000, with George Reuss as president, 
and V. A. Dieter, cashier. The present capital stock is $100,000, 
surplus — $50,000. Joseph A. Reuss is president, and P. H. Boecker, 
cashier. (1931) 

The Woman's Literary Club was organized on March 1. This 
name was used until 1904, when it was decided to change the name 
to the Naperville Woman's Club. This organization equipped the 
Home Economics Department of the High School and furnished the 
Teacher's Rest Room. When the Naper and Ellsworth buildings 
were dedicated, the Club gave each school pictures and art objects 
valued at $250.00. There are at present 252 members, with Mrs. 
Harold White, president. (1931) 

On Sept. 27 the second Methodist Church building was dedicated 
under the pastorate of H. G. Warren. 

1898 ^ e Nichols Library, dedicated June 29, was made possible 

by the beneficence of one of our townsmen, the late Prof. 

J. L. Nichols. The bequest amounted to $10,000. An appropriation 

•4 39 Ja- 


from the city secured the site which is west of the site of the old Court 
House. It is maintained by public tax. Miss Mary Barbara Egermann 
has been Librarian since 1909. 

The following citizens of Naperville are Spanish-American War 
Veterans: Noel Alspaugh, W. D. Callendar, Nicholas Ehr, Edward 
Getz, Charles Hedbloom, Charles Lasanska, Lester Marvin, John 
Miller, Albert Prignitz, William Prignitz and Edward Strubler. 

A two-story brick addition was built on the west side of the Ells- 
worth School House, containing two recitation rooms on the first 
floor, the second floor being used later for the High School. 

1899 ^ e Naperville Hose Team again won the championship 
at Pekin. Charles Boettger was the champion coupler. 
The Electric Light Plant was purchased by the city. 

May 2 — "Denizens along Water Street were surprised 
yesterday to see a horseless carriage pass rapidly along that 
thoroughfare, cross the stone bridge and disappear. An hour 
afterwards it returned, rushed up the slight incline, and proceeded 
eastward. A man and a woman occupied the vehicle. It was the 
first appearance of an automobile in Naperville, and evidently a trial 
trip between Chicago and Aurora was being made." 

1 901 School districts Nos. 78 and 7 were united to form District 
78. The first Board of Education was elected with seven 
directors instead of three as formerly. 

Nichols Hall, the gymnasium of North Western College was erected. 
It was a gift of the late Prof. ]. L. Nichols, an alumnus, and for many 
years the principal of the Commercial Department. 

1903 "Heatherton" was finished by ]. S. Goodwin. This home 
occupied Fort Hill and replaced the house built there by 
Lewis Elsworth. 

On April 21, the result of the ballot on the Waterworks Question 
was 431 for and 180 against the proposition. 

The Board of Education extended the course of study at 
the High School to four years. No class was graduated 
this year. 

Two city mail carriers were allowed by the Post Office Department. 

The contract for water mains was awarded to J. H. MacCarthy of 

Chicago for $51,402. Water was turned into the pipes on November 

25. The first service connection was at the home of H. H. Rassweiler, 

corner of Brainard and Van Buren. 

4 40 I*» 




View of Naperville from the College Belfry — Mill Pond in Distance 

The City Council passed a motion to install sewers. 

A Phrophecy — From the Naperville Clarion 

"The completion of water works and sewage system will be a red 
letter event in the history of Naperville, but the residents of this town 
twenty-five years hence may be placed under the necessity of doubling 
the capacity of both." 

March 2 — "Our city certainly is prosperous. Every man, woman 
or child who wants work may have it. Mechanics and artisans are 
taxed far beyond their capacity with work. Our merchants are busy 
with profitable trade and our banks reflect unerringly and impressively 
the prosperity of the community." Signed — "Rusticus". 

The Board of Local Improvements for the City of Naperville was 
established by ordinance and work on the sewer systems was started. 

The Arthur Beidelman Company was organized; makers of burial 
vaults, monuments, markers, lawn benches, bird baths and floral 
vases. Marble and granite is cut and polished electrically. 

The last stone was quarried in the large quarry south of the river 
during the summer of 1904. 

4 41 > 


1905 ^ e Naperville Clarion was sold by D. B. Givler to his son, 
R. N. Givler, the present Editor and Publisher. The follow- 

ing is an excerpt from a letter of appreciation published last year, 
(1930), while the editor was away on vacation: "The Clarion has 
always been a booster for this community and for the county. It is 
not a mudslinger. It abuses no one. In this way, the Clarion has 
achieved an outstanding position of loyalty to its community. It is 
not the purveyor of idle gossip. It criticizes constructively. It does 
this always for the public good and never for private gain. Let us, 
in the absence of its Editor, now name it "The Best Newspaper." 

Artificial gas was brought to Naperville by the La Grange Gas 
Company. A building was erected on Jefferson Avenue for office and 
show room. 

1906 ^he Naperville Business Men's Association was organized. 
The new Congregational Church was dedicated by Rev. 

James M. Lewis of Sandwich. The cost was $27,000. The Austin 
pipe organ was the gift of Mr. T. P. Phillips, Rev. George Peebles 
was the pastor. Rev. Earl Collins is the paster in 1931. 

The Lounge Factory Band was organized with Mr. Charles Horn 
of Chicago as director. 

The steam fire engine was ordered sold for $1250.00. 

1907 ^^ e Church of the Brethren was built on Benton Avenue. 
It was organized about 1856 with fifteen members, and the 

first church was built on John Erb's farm, one and a half miles north 
of Naperville. Rev. J. S. Flory is the present pastor. (1931) 

1908 Three new buildings were erected on the campus of North 
Western College; the library, gift of Andrew Carnegie; the 

Goldspohn Science Hall, the gift of Dr. Albert Goldspohn of Chicago, 
an alumnus; and the central heating plant. 

The east side macadam pavement was laid. 

Grace Evangelical Church was erected at the corner of 
Ellsworth and Van Buren, under the pastorate of Rev. John Divan, 
The site and building cost $35,000. 

The C. B. Moore Company opened their lumber and material yard 

on the present location beside the tree-shadowed Du Page River, west 

of the old stone bridge. In those days Naperville was a country 

village but with the passage of years both the town and the business 

have grown inseparably. After the death, in 1928, of C. B. Moore, 

the original founder, the company was incorporated under the 

4 42 \> 



View Known as Piety Corners in the Early Nineties 

name of the Moore Lumber and Supply Company, with Mr. R. H. 
Sanborn, as president of the organization. 

1910 ^ e Washington Street and business section brick pavement 
was laid. 

1911 SS. Peter and Paul Parochial School was badly damaged by fire. 
The building was enlarged and the hall renamed Wenker Hall. 

The Y. M. C. A. building was dedicated. Cost — $40,000. This 
property is now valued at $60,000 (1931). The membership is 900, 
with women and girls enjoying the privileges of the building on Friday 
of each week. O. W. Foberg was the first secretary and Mr. A. L. 
Mcllheran is the present secretary. 

The Ellsworth School building was again remodeled to take care 
of six grades and the High School. The seventh and eighth grades 
attended school in the Academy Building. O. A. Waterman was the 

1912 ^he Q uest i° n 0r " Commission form of government was 
voted upon and carried by 260 votes for, and 

193 against. 

4 43 >■ 


The Evangelical Theological Seminary was erected at the northwest 
corner of School and Loomis at a cost of $32,000. 

The First Evangelical Church was erected on the site of the old 
"Brick Church", and dedicated in February under the pastorate of 
Rev. W. A. Schuette. The cost of the building was $56,000. Rev. Wm. 
Grote is pastor in 1931. 

1913 O n April 15, Francis A. Kendall was elected the first Mayor 
under the Commission form of government. The Naper- 

ville Association of Commerce was formed for the purpose of en- 
couraging enterprise, resources and growth of Naperville. 

On March 26, one hundred and twenty-five feet of the west end of 
the Naperville Lounge Company's four-story brick building was 
wrecked by a severe windstorm. 

1914 ^^ e concrete pavement was laid on Main Street, and the 
creek entering the river west of the stone bridge was tiled. 

1915 ^he Naperville Lounge Factory was re-incorporated as 
the Kroehler Manufacturing Company with a capital of 

$1,115,000. Mr. P. E. Kroehler, who had entered the service in 1893 
as Secretary, became President. At the present time this is the largest 
manufacturing concern of upholstered furniture in the world. It has 
factories at Naperville, Kankakee, Chicago, Bradley, Dallas, Bing- 
hamton, San Francisco, Los Angeles, Cleveland and Stratford, 
Canada. Capitalization — $1 1,500,000; annual sales — $20,000,000. 
The museum and historical department of the City Library was 
started by Miss Egermann, the librarian. Some of Naperville's 
oldest treasures may be seen there — two poll sheets of 1832, records 
of the first library in 1845, school records of 1859, Fire Department 
and Hook and Ladder records of 1874, Artillery Company of 1865, 
Civil War relics, old photographs, village maps dated 1864, '65, '69, 
71, two of which were drawn by Cheny Castle, the first town clerk. 

1916 ^he Naperville Woman's Club pledged $500.00 to equip the 
Domestic Science Department of the new High School. 

The Council of National Defense was organized in Naperville. The 
City was equipped with a combination hose and chemical auto truck. 

1917 O n Ap ri l 6, United States entered the World War. Con- 
crete pavement was laid on the West Side during this year. 

1918 ^ n Ap r ^ 25, daylight saving time was inaugurated. "The 
new arrangement makes one feel funny. Even the old clock 

seems to blush when looked squarely in the face, as if to say, T'm a 
gay deceiver'." — By "Gleaner." 

Reserve Officers Training Corps was organized at North Western 

•4 44 >• 




Back Row — Charles Nadelhofer, George Turner, John Stoner, Adam 

Armbruster, Abraham Matter, Phillip Orcutt, Mathias Stevens, Mathias 

Third Row — Levi Shafer, Abraham Kinsey, Conrad Gushard, Fred Shafer, Wm. 

Rowe, David Brown, John Erhardt, Morris Neff, Fred Shulenberg, John 

Beam, Fred Stroheker. 
Second Row — ■ Thomas Saylor, Joseph Kochly, Mathias Remmel, Levi Gerbrich, 

Benjamin Frank, Thomas Betts, David B. Givler, Fred Kailer. 
Front Row — Willard Scott, Harry Musselman, Edwin Rickert, William Laird, 

Milton Crampton, Alexander Rickert, George Wunder, Milton Houser, 

William P. Wright, Sylvester Ballou. 

Three hundred babies were weighed in Naperville in a survey for 
the Children's Bureau of the United States Department of Labor. 

June 28 was designated as National War Savings Day. Each School 
district was assigned a quota of thrift stamps to sell. 

Books were left at the Library to be sent to the soldiers and sailors. 

On May 25, Lieutenant Oliver J. Kendall was reported taken prisoner 
by the Germans. 

The Junior Auxiliary of the Red Cross was recognized by the 
Chicago Chapter. 659 service buttons worn by school children 

•4 45 > .. 


Washington Street Iron Bridge — 1885-1929 

1919 ^ ne Masonic Temple costing $30,000 was erected. 

Dear Friend: "WELCOME HOME" 

The Council of the City of Naperville, in behalf of the community, extends this 
invitation to you to be its guest of honor on the occasion of the "Welcome Home" 
to the returned Soldiers and Sailors, on Thursday evening, March 13, 1919, in the 
High School Auditorium, Naperville, Illinois. 

You will report at the City Hall at 7:30 o'clock P. M. sharp, to be escorted by 
Co. L., 5th I. R. M. and the Naperville Band. Kindly appear in uniform. 

C. B. Bowman, Mayor 

The Home Coming Celebration was held the first week in July. Old 
Citizens' Day, Patriotic Day, School, Church, and Community Days 
were observed. "The Souvenir Volume", a brief history of Naperville 
with pictures of homes, churches, public buildings and all organi- 
zations was published. 

1920 ^he National Bag Company, incorporated in 1917 and lo- 
cated at Aurora, was moved to Naperville. After operating 

five years on the second floor of the Kreger Building on Washington 
Street, a brick factory was built at the corner of Spring and Webster. 
Here are manufactured bags for parcel post, bags for banks to ship 

4 46 >• 




Main Street Stone Bridge — Reconstructed in 1887 

coin and individual tea bags. Mr. Harvey Williams is president of 
the company (1931). They have jobber offices in Detroit, Toledo, 
Boston, Dallas, Tulsa and Los Angeles. 

A two-story frame dormitory was erected on the College Campus, 
housing thirty-five men. This was torn down after the burning of 
the gymnasium in 1929. 

1921 A resi d ence two blocks south of North Western College 
Campus was purchased and converted into Bolton Hall, 

a dormitory accommodating forty-six women students. This house 
was built and occupied by Dr. Hess in the earlier days of Naperville 
history, about 1875. 

The Naperville Country Club purchased the east part of the 
Sleight farm— 128 acres for $185,000.00 — for a golf course. 

1922 ° n J une 8 ' SS * Peter and Paul ' s Cnurcn was completely 
destroyed by fire. 

A second residence two blocks south of North Western Campus was 
purchased and converted into "Johnson Hall", with rooms for 
twenty-four women students. This was the early home of 
Robert Freeman, about 1880. 

•4 47 \> 




Centennial Celebration of Inauguration of George Washington Representing 
Lathro U p R TERRITORIES - Ella Bhcker-Netta Egermann-Bfssie Mussel^n Helen 

1923 Delcara Heights Addition was annexed by the city This 

1«™ A jr™ P u art ° f the P r °P ert Y bought by Morris Sleight in 
18 Jo, and used for sheep raising. 

\JfA fin V tr n Ct °r knd ° f f ?^' one acres was Purchased by North 
Western College for a new athletic field and future building sites. The 

P^Ju^ m ^Z° n F Cam P us "> ^ving been the site of Fort 
Payne built m 1832 for the protection of the people of Naper Settle- 
ZZ: rl? EUs r rth ™* ^original owner, and later it became the 
Judge Goodwin Estate, "Heatherton". The Athletic Field is called 
Kroehler Field", in honor of Mr. P. E. Kroehler, a graduate of the 
Commercial Department, and the president of the Kroehler Manu- 
Cam™ 8 Pany ' which contri buted half of the cost of Fort Hill 

Fire which had its origin in the basement of Grace Evangelical 
Church practically wrecked the interior of the building, June 15. 
Another ear y Sunday morning fire destroyed the grain elevator of 
Boecker Coal & Grain Company near the depot. The Boecker feed 

mill and coal sheds were partly burned. These fires were 

all ot incendiary origin. 

4 48 >• 



„ ; , 

r^m : 


='- ' 



**»«" I I' 1 '' *'*'•§'' 

A it fc w 

mm m ■> 

III £ 



Top Rou; — Charles Andrus, Joe Lehman, Frank Baumgartner, Oscar Obright, 
Harvey Hillegas, Wm. Baumgartner. 

Standing — John Ehrhardt, B. F. Bender, Monroe Christ, Alfred Shafer, Jacob 
Lehman, John Kraushar, Norman Rickert, William Manbeck, Harvey Eberly, 
Edward Glueck, Daniel Slick, M. B. Hosler, Jacob Heim, Joseph Kochly. 

A home for the President of the Evangelical Theological Seminary 
was build on the corner of Brainard Street and School Avenue. 

1924 ^he Grace Evangelical Church was restored and enlarged 
under the pastorate of Rev. L. C. Schmidt. Rev. H. H. 
Kalas is the pastor in 1931. 

May 30 — As the closing ceremony of Memorial Day, Post 
Commander Rickert in the name of Walter Blanchard Post, G. A. R., 
dedicated the colors which were to fly in Burlington Square "to the 
memory of those who served their country by land and sea," and 
Ruth Moyer presented the flag and standard to the city of Naperville 
with these words — "Near this spot the American Legion has erected 
a memorial to honor those Naperville boys who gave their lives in 
the War of 1914-1918. It has been thought fitting to place near this 
memorial a steel flag staff, bearing a United States flag in 
honor of these fallen soldiers and also in honor of a veteran 

-4 49 J> 


of the Civil War, who served his country during the four years of that 
conflict, and who did what he could by precept and example to ele- 
vate the standard of citizenship in his active business and private life. 
Honorable Mayor, I now have the privilege and honor, on behalf of 
the children and grandchildren of the late David B. Givler to present 
to the city of Naperville this flag and the sturdy shaft from which 
it is flying." 

The Knife and Fork Club was organized. The membership is open 
to any one interested in making Naperville a better city. 

1925 ^ new Sunday School unit was added to the First Evangeli- 
cal Church building during the pastorate of Rev. R. W. 


An addition on the south side of the High School was built and 
equipped, costing $83,120.00. There are enrolled at present (1931), 
261 students in the Junior High School (7, 8 and 9 grades), and 251 
students in the Senior High School (10, 11 and 12 grades. V. 
Blanche Graham is principal of the High School; R. E. Beebe is 
superintendent of the Grades and the High School. 

December 13-20, the people of the First Methodist Episcopal 
Church dedicated their new church building. Rev. Benjamin Will 
was the pastor. Rev. ]. O. Crawford is the pastor in 1931. 

1926 ® n ^ ay ^' t ^ ie Trustees °f North Western College changed 
the name to North Central College, on account of the 

growing confusion with other institutions of the same name. The 
same year they erected a new Chapel-Music Building, on the south- 
east corner of Benton and Brainard, called the "Barbara Pfeiffer 
Memorial Hall", at a cost of $230,000. 

In June SS. Peter and Paul school building was damaged by fire the 
second time. The interior was rebuilt and ready for school in 
September. In 1927 another room was added, making room for eight 
grades. At the present time three hundred pupils are enrolled. (1931). 

The Evangelical Theological Seminary Dormitory was erected in 

1926 at a cost of $60,000.00. 

The Board of Education purchased a block of property for a 
school site in Bauer's Subdivision on N. Brainard Street between 
Eighth and Ninth Avenues. The purchase price was $6,000.00. 

1927 ^ e new SS. Peter and Paul Catholic Church was dedicated 
on September 25. The pastor was Father B. J. Schuette. 

Cardinal Mundelein took part in the ceremonies. The seating 
capacity is 940. The cost of the completed edifice was $407,785.00. 

The Rev. Francis J. Schildgen is the present 

pastor. (1931). 

4 50 \> 


SS. Peter and Paul Church 

< 51 |=- 


1928 North Central College erected " Kaufman Hall" on Chicago 
Avenue, a woman's dormitory, for forty-three girls. It con- 
tains a dining hall to serve 150. 

On January 8 the Naperville High School Band started ensemble 
practice under the direction of Captain Henderson. 

The C. L. Schwartz Lumber Co. had its inception in the year 1881 
when Michael and Anthony Schwartz engaged in business on the 
site of the present Burlington Square. In 1890 Charles L. Schwartz 
entered the business and subsequently replaced his father, Anthony 
Schwartz, the business continuing as M. Schwartz &. Co. until 1908, 
when Michael Schwartz sold his interest to Charles L. Schwartz. 
In 1906 the yards were moved to their present location adjoining the 
C. B. &l Q. Railroad at Washington Street (Ogden Avenue). The 
business was incorporated in 1928 under its present name and with 
the late Charles L. Schwartz as president. The present officers are: 
Mrs. Olive D. Schwartz, President; Eugene R. Schwartz, Vice- 
President and Treasurer; Bernard C. Dieter, Secretary. This year 
of 1931 marks the fiftieth year of the existence of the business. 

The Grade School Band was organized with E. A. Koerner as 

1929 ^ n J anuar Y 14, the new Naper School on Eagle Street was 
dedicated. The cost was $99,974.85 or 32.4 cents per cubic 

foot. Miss Edna Wunder is now the principal (1931), and 185 
pupils attend this school. 

North Central College Gymnasium was totally destroyed by fire. 

May 3, the new Ellsworth School on Sleight Street was dedicated. 
The cost was $106,353.60 or 32.1 cents per cubic foot. H. C. Short 
is now the principal and there are 221 pupils in this building. (1931). 

On July 18, Pioneer Park on the Hobson Mill Site was dedicated to 
the memory of the Pioneer men and women of Du Page County by 
the Downers Grove, Glen Ellyn, Naperville and Wheaton Chapters 
of the Daughters of the American Revolution. This is a Forest 

The residence at 329 South Brainard Street was purchased and 
presented to North Central College as a president's house to be 
called "The Edward Everett Rail House." 

The Bethany Lutheran Church, Missouri Synod, dedicated their 
new building on the corner of Washington Street and Seventh 
Avenue. This congregation was organized in 1927 by Rev. Streeter 
of Hinsdale. The present pastor is Rev. A. E. Ullrich. (1931). 

The ceremony of opening the new Washington Street Bridge was 
celebrated. The program was held on the bridge, where, 
during the sunset hours, thousands of citizens and guests 
had gathered. 

4 52 J* 


New Washington Street Bridge — 1929 

"The Graf Zeppelin, on its world encircling flight, passed over our 
city. It was a thrilling sight as the big silver bag came out of the west 
accompanied by a group of air planes, remaining in sight for five 
minutes as it headed for Chicago." 

The Board of Education purchased the property lying between the 
High School building and Webster Street for $27,500.00. This is to 
be used for an Athletic Field. 

1930 ° n Memorial Day Mrs. Francis A. Kendall, as a guest of 
the United States government, visited the grave of her son, 
Lieutenant Oliver Julian Kendall, in the Somme Cemetery at Boni, 
France. Mrs. Kendall is the only Gold Star Mother of Naperville 
who was accorded the privilege. 

The Congregational Church added a new unit, the Parish House, 
to their building; the first floor to be used for a Sunday School room 
and the second floor for the pastor's apartment. 

The Evangelical Theological Seminary building was remodeled 
and enlarged at a cost of $24,000.00. Dr. G. B. Kimmel is presi- 
dent (1931). 

< 53 J> 




Naper School 

1931 ^ n J anuar y tne Merner Gymnasium and Field House, erected 
by North Central College on Fort Hill Campus, was dedi- 
cated. This building includes a large field house with removable 
basketball floor; a woman's gymnasium called "Nichols Hall", 
in honor of Prof. J. L. Nichols, who gave the former gymnasium which 
burned in 1929; and a natatorium with a pool thirty by sixty feet. 
Dr. E. E. Rail has been President of North Central College since 1916. 

A new clock was installed in the Catholic Church steeple. 

June 5-6 — The Naperville Centennial Celebration. General 
Executive Committee — Win. G. Knoch, Chairman; Rollo N. Givler, 
Julian M. Dieter, H. C. Williams, Herbert Thompson, Fred Kluck- 
hohn, Wm. C. Hiltenbrand, William Sigmund, Charles F. Rohr, 
Mayor Alexander Grush, Commissioners John Bentz, Jr., George 
Keller, Charles V. Wellner and Joseph Yender, Jr. 

"We all within our graves shall sleep, a hundred years to come; 
No living soul for us will weep, a hundred years to come; 
But other men our lands will till, 
And others then our streets will fill, 
While other birds will sing as gay, 
And bright the sun shine as today — 

A hundred years to come." 

4 54 \> 




Du Page River at Eagle Street 

The Permanent Manorial 

On the morning of June 6, 1931, just 100 years after the first 
white settler reached the end of the trail and selected the 
wooded valley of the Du Page as his future home, the citizens 
of Naperville are to assemble on the banks of this same stream to 
commemorate that event. 

The permanent memorial that is to be dedicated includes 45 acres 
of park and forest preserve with the scenic Du Page River winding 
between the two largest and most beautiful of the abandoned quarries. 
The acquisition of this tract was made possible through the efforts 
of the Permanent Memorial Committee, and through 
the loyalty of 33 citizens who personally and jointly 
underwrote the purchase price of $16,500. 

4 55 B* 


The Large Quarry — Part of Permanent Memorial. 

For these distinguished gentlemen we bespeak a -roomy nook in 
Naperville's Hall of Fame. 

For years Naperville has been criticized for overlooking the natural 
beauties and the recreational possibilities of this vast playground 
lying at her door. For decades Naperville stood idly by with yearning 
in her soul, but without knowing quite what to do about the situation. 

A safe swimming hole for young and old, facilities for all kinds of 
boating and water sports, the cleaning up of the river, the use of its 
water power, a paradise for the Waltonian, and a real forest preserve 
in the heart of the city are no longer just pleasant dreams. They 
have become realities. 

The background of the memorial is historic as well as scenic. Here 
it was (Autumn of 1831) that Capt. Joseph Naper built his mill, the 
first industrial venture of Naperville. 

Looking back over the record, we find that on Feb. 3, 1842, Mr. 
Naper paid the U. S. Government $200.00 for a patent of part of this 
same property, and that on March 2, 1842, he sold to George Martin for 
$50.00 that part of the tract lying south of the River. On Jan. 10, 1843, 

4 56 fc- 


View Across Small Quarry Near Site of Old Naper Mill 

George Martin obtained from the Government for $100.00 a patent 
of the property on which the Mitchell farm is now located, which 
included a small part of the quarry property, and where what was 
unquestionably the first frame house in Naperville was built. 

Then follows a series of conveyances. April 3, 1867 the Martins 
sold 5 l /2 acres to Jacob and George Heim for $4,000.00. Nov. 20, 
1868 the Heims conveyed to Jacob Salfisburg for $4,500.00. Sept. 
13, 1889, Salfisburg deeded 9.1 acres to the Chicago &. Naperville 
Stone Co. for $51,000. In 1898 the Chicago & Naperville Stone Co. 
conveyed to the Dolese &. Shepard Co., and in 1914 they in turn 
conveyed to F. W. Von Oven, where the abstract of title ends. 

It is altogether fitting and proper that here on June 6, 1931, is 
dedicated a solemn memorial of inestimable value to posterity, 
emblematical of the spirit of our forebears, and symbolic of our confi- 
dence in what the next century holds in store for this community. 

Permanent Memorial Committee: William R. Friedrich, Chairman; 
E. J. T. Moyer, Dr. C. S. Whitehead, John W. Bauer, T. F. Boecker, Sr. 

•4 57 > 


Pioneer Days 

Like voices out of the past, these old letters tell us of the days when most of the 
present site of Naperville was virgin forest, wheat fields and sheep pasture. 

Through the courtesy of Carrie Martin Mitchell we are able to print a letter 
written by her grand father, George Martin, dated November 2, 1833, addressed to 
Messrs. R. and G. Martin — Balmaken by Johnsburgh, Fifeshire, Scotland, N. B. 

Du Page River, Naper Settlement 
Messrs R. &. G. Martin: November 2, 1833. 


I wrote you on the 18th June and also on the 8th October — the former on our 
safe arrival — the latter how I had proceeded up the Country from New York, to 
here — 28^ miles from Chicago — the shipping port on Michigan Lake — State 
of Illinois — Cook County. These letters I hope you have received. 

I promised in my last letter to have written ere this, but I always expected to have 
taken a turn throughout the Country — but I have really been so busy I have never 
been more than a few miles from home since I came here. 

In my last I stated to you that I had finished 50 acres Wheat seeding — which is 
all looking excellent — ■ I have also 27 acres ploughed for Oats — I do nothing more 
now ere Spring in plowing. 

Notwithstanding the privilege the people have in having as much of this fine 
land as they like - — as yet, for nothing — so little do they know of its value — from 
eight to twelve acres is all some have sown — and when I tell them of the rent of 
land in Scotland — they consider it wonderful indeed. 

They like the dollars very well — but they seem to know nothing about farming 
— and do not care much about work. There is a great want of work people in 
this Country — of all description. 

No person need come here if they cannot work — or bring work people with them. 

The most of the work here is done by the Job — they like it and is far cheaper 
done — if you go by the day with them — its nonsense. 

Small as the town of CHICAGO is — although fifty Wrights (carpenters) had 
landed with me, they would all have gotten work — next day if they chose — at a 
dollar and a half per day — and think indeed I have been paying for two WRIGHTS 
One Dollar &. 75 cents per day — or 7/6 Sterling — A SMITH — two dollars for 
putting four shoes on a horse — For my harness and surcingle trees mountings — 
at Chicago — I think I paid about six prices. The iron is Thirty Two pounds per 
ton — and I was favored with a reduced price of 22 cents P. Pound for my harrow 

If you agree a laborer by the day — 75 cents — Beef three cents per pound — - 
butter 123^ cents — cheese 10 cents per pound — ■ and yet there seems to be as 
little money amongst them as in Scotland — such is the way things go — it is truly 
a wonder more work people do not come out here. 

A Wright and A Smith we have much in want of here — like-wise work people. 

If you would send out here two or three plowmen, to me — I will give them the 
double of the money they can get in Scotland — It would indeed be a short time I 
could keep them — they would soon become their own masters. 

The land is the thing I like best in this country. 

To say the least of it — I never thought to hear and see so much swearing and 

Sabbath breaking — but in justice to them I must also say in my travels through 

the States of Michigan and Illinois — I never saw a lock on their doors — when I 

asked them what was the reason, they told me they would not like to live 

in a country where they were required to lock their doors and indeed I find 

it is the case — we can leave out a washing or any other thing in all safety. 

•4 58 J> 


First Frame Building in Du Page County 
Built by George Martin in 1833 

What shall we say to those who profess religion — when they must have them- 
selves and their goods locked up when they go to bed. 

After our first days ride from Detroit through the State of Michigan we stopped 
a day at Tecumseh — we called on Mr. Ebenezer Anderson whom Mr. Christie 
had a letter to — ■ he has had a struggle, but is now getting along pretty comfortably. 

Now it is my opinion, whatever became of the money of the Shareholders of the 
FIFE BANK — little or none of it has come here. 

We have been rather disappointed with our house — the one man got a fever 
— the other man had twenty acres of Indian corn to cut and get in — and my 
house barely more than half done. We had a log house put up for a stable 24 by 
15 feet — built in a fire place — and windows put in and doors and stairs intended 
for both up and down stairs — of my new house, put about us has made us surely 
very comfortable. 

I must have another good Oak tree pulled to the Saw Mill, which is only about 
three hundred yards from us ■ — ■ and get it still put about — and after all I can assure 
you it is nothing yet the appearance of a FIFE (Scotland) Farmer's House 

But I can also assure you without fear of contradiction — none can equal me for 
50 acres of Wheat in one field — in South and Front of the new house — nor as 
good land. 

I intended to be here a year sooner — it was as well I was disappointed — for 
there was an Indian War here — the Sac Indians came down and made a terrible 
confusion here — they were completely cut up — very few got home. When we 

were in New York the their leader Black Hawk through all the towns 

showing him their strength before they sent him home — ■ he was quite astonished 
for they thought their few was to clear America of the white people — It is not 
now expected they will ever return — or can. 

The Pottowatomies Tribe has kept reserves through different 
parts — A treaty which has long been spoken of, has taken place at 
Chicago — about three weeks 

4 59 J* 


ago — For eleven hundred thousand Dollars — for all the land they have in the 
States of Michigan and Illinois — the first of them go in the Spring to the West 
side of the Mississippi — so you see their land is not taken as you may suppose — ■ 
but all purchased and the laws of Congress establishes a Nation — that money is 
paid by installments — some twenty-five years I believe — We will be well quit of 
them — for although harmless honest creatures in a measure — and many good 
traits in their characters — as an ignorant people — yet their slovenly habits and 
many things about them I do not like. This tribe was very useful in last war, in- 
forming how the Sacs were going to be on — and saved many a family. Thus I 
have shown you so far of many good and also of the bad things of this country as 
far as I know, and I must leave all to judge for themselves in coming to this country 

— which is fast rising and filling with a great class of people which are very ready 
to sell their claims — not intending to purchase for want of money in many instances. 

A large party to come out and bring a MINISTER with them, would find it a very 
comfortable thing — but the FAITHLESSNESS of man is so great here. 

Who ever may come — I advise them to bring as much clothing and household 
furnishings as they can — I have brought a great deal — and some say they never 
saw one have so much belongings as me. But had I known the easy way of getting 
out which I have shown you in my former letters, I should have brought out some 
of my chairs and tables — had I known. 

Now what I would like sent out — is a bushel or two of each kind of rye grain 

— 20 new sacks to hold two bushel each — put rye grain in two or three of them 

— also send Two Good Wheat Riddles and an Oats one — - 

In my last letter I mentioned Mr. Christie — who is to Winter with me — was 
poorly — ■ he is now better — My George which was also poorly with a kind of 
slow fever is still poorly, although moving about again 

Betsy and myself are quite well and she joins me in kind compliments wishing 
you all health and prosperity. 

Expecting to hear from you soon, which will be very gratifying. 

George Martin, America, 1833. 

On March 19, 1834, George Martin received from Edinburgh, Scotland: 

3 Riddles — 2 Wheat ones, 1 Oats J.3 shilling 6 pence 

2 Volumes Chalmers Sermons 19 shillings 

18 new sacks 1 pound 16 shillings 

Through the kindness of Mrs. Wm. P. Wright, nee Ida Sleight, we are able to 
reproduce letters written in 1834-'36 by the founder of the Sleight family, Morris 
Sleight, to his wife back in Hyde Park, New York, while he was out in the wilds of 
Chicago and Du Page County, prospecting for a new home and selling goods to 
the merchants all through the middle west. 

My Dear H. Chicago, 111. July 9th, 1834 

To give you a minute description of all passing events as they occur only for the 
space of one week, would make a small volume. In a letter I can only mention a few. 
I have a thousand ideas and at the time I am determined to communicate them to 
you, but when I sit down to write, I forget them — however I do have one that I 
do remember. Mr. Douglas and myself started a week ago tomorrow for Fox River 
with the stage with the idea of being about three days. We left our baggage at the 
Hotel at Chicago and I remember of having a very dirty shirt when I 
returned today. I am very much pleased with the land about Capt. 

•< 60 >• 


Morris Sleight Harriet Sleight 

Naper's settlement, 28 miles west of Chicago and with the whole country, after 
going twelve miles west of the place. I am highly pleased with Michigan, but 
I am delighted with Illinois. Mr. Stevens' account I think is not exaggerated. 
The first view of a Michigan Prairie is delightful after passing the oak openings 
and thick forest, but the first view of a Illinois prairie is sublime. I may almost 
say awfully grand, as a person needs a compass to keep their course, but 
the more I travel over them the more I like them. There is a great variety 
of flowers now on the prairies, but they tell me in a month from this time 
they will be prettier. I have sent you a few of them with Mr. Douglas which 
will be all faded by the time you get them, but they will be interesting to you as you 
will be sure they were picked from the prairies of Illinois. There is a number of 
other kinds on the dry prairies, some resemble sweet williams, some pinks, sun- 
flowers and almost every variety that grow in our gardens. In crossing the prairie 
about two miles out of Chicago this morning we started a dear little gazelle, but the 
little thing hid itself in the long grass, and we could not find it. 

I wrote Mr. Russel yesterday by mail from Capt. Naper's settlement on the River 
Du Page. That letter and the accounts Mr. Douglas will give you — will show you 
how we spent our last week. Mr. Douglas has made a purchase on the Du Page 
River joining Capt. Naper's, and I have the refusal of the place adjoining. Should 
I conclude to take it before I leave this country. It is a beautiful place, well timbered 
and watered, it has one of the best springs close to a beautiful building spot im- 
aginable, and the Du Page River is a small but pretty stream, runs near the door. 
It has now on it a double log house and fifty or sixty acres of wheat, corn and oats. 
It looks like an old farm as does the whole country around it. It likewise has on it 
the fort and block houses used in the late Indian war. They are now used for a 
barn yard. I suppose on this place there is from 150 to 200 acres inclosed and a 
chance to inclose 500 acres more of as good land as ever laid out doors. This pre- 
emption I can get for $1,000. I suppose the improvements have cost six or seven 
hundred. None of the land has come in market yet nor will it under two or three 
years. It is not surveyed, but the pre-emption law has passed, which gives the person 
that occupied the land, up to the 13th day of June last, the right to take 160 acres 
of land at $1.25 per acre. This they take where there is timber, and a good building 
spot, and good springs and plenty of stock water. This place has all those advantages 
spot, and good springs and plenty of stock water. This place has all those ad- 
vantages. The prairie adjoining such places they suppose can be got yet for some 
time after the land comes in market for $1.25 per acre. This is the best country I 
have ever seen for a poor man or a rich one, an industrious man or a lazy one. I 
see no kind of business but looks promising, and I believe the country is perfectly 

■4 61 J> 


healthy. I do not know nor see what can make it otherwise. The place I mentioned 
above has but one disadvantage — it is 28 miles to Chicago and 40 miles to Ottawa. 
The proposed canal will run from Chicago to Ottawa, the head water of Illinois, 
and the place lays eight or nine miles from the west of the canal. It has the advan- 
tage of grist mills and saw mills, within half a mile, also a store and tavern and a 
thick settled neighborhood. As people build in the groves you cannot see many of 
your neighbors — I will not say nouses yet, but cabins. In a few years I think I can 
say Mansions. 

M;y Dear H. Naperville, July 8th, 1836 

I arrived in Chicago on the first of July — I only remained one day and two nights, 
I then, as my goods had not arrived, took the stage for Napers Settlement and 
arrived here in time for the celebration. There assembled between three and four 
hundred people, had a dinner, and the usual forms and ceremonies, at the church on 
Cottage Green, and ended with a ball in the afternoon and evening. All passed off 
quietly and without any accidents. I day before yesterday started for Juliett in 
company with Mr. and Mrs. Douglas and Mr. and Mrs. Merritt in Mr. Douglas 
two horse wagon. We got there about noon and returned here again yesterday 
about 12 o'clock. It is a very pleasant ride. The roads are excellent and the differ- 
ent views of the timber, prairie, river etc. are magnificent. The county is improving 
beyond account. Illinois is what I always thought it would be. I don't think there 
is or can be a land in the world with more sunny spots. Juliette is destined to be a 
place of much consequence. It is the brightest link in the chain of canals, joining 
the lake with the southern rivers. The village plot is very handsome and the water for 
drinking is very fine. They have the finest of building stone in inestimable quanti- 
ties when cut and polished they look like marble. They have built a number of 
fine store buildings already, and more are under way. There is already in Juliette 
some 60 or 70 houses, and as many more being built this season if they could procure 
lumber fast enough. There is so much building going on everywhere that it is 
impossible to get material. 

It is astonishing with what ease and dispatch these prairies are converted into 
farms. I believe if every settler that has come in this country had persued the same 
course of farming that Mr. Douglas has, that a stranger passing through would say 
the country had been settled 20 years. Mr. Douglas has the credit, and I think 
deservedly, of being the best farmer and the most industrious man in the country. 
I have heard that Mr. D. was not liked by the settlement, and I now see why it is so. 
He takes a straight forward course and attends to his own business and does not 
mix much with the first settlers, who spend much of their time in idleness and 
dissipation. The first settlers are also very strong Jackson men. Mr. D. is opposite. 
Those men cannot stand civilization. They are selling off their claims to Eastern 
people, and making claims farther north and west. It is astounding to see what 
beautiful springs of water, of purest kind are found bursting out on the prairies on 
almost every claim that is made, that before the prairie was worked they concealed. 

I yesterday contracted with a man to cut and split 5000 rails and I shall also 
contract to have a house put up on my claim, out from the village. My property 
here is as in all other places of the country where I have any, becoming valuable. 
Too much so to live so far from it. With good luck three or four more years will 
make me as well off for property as I desire to be. My property in this county 
would not be appraised at this present time for less than $5,000. Which is almost 
as much again as I thought it was worth before I left home. I should think seriously 
of moving to this country yet this fall, if the work I have now put out could be 
accomplished in season for the undertaking, but I fear it will be too late to do so 
after I return. 

I am now going out in company with Mr. Douglas to view my claim and pick out 
a spot to set my farm house. Tvly mansion will set near the village on Cottage 
Green, the name they have given my property in the village. They think they will 

4 62 



The Sleight Home on Cottage Green, Ellsworth Street and Chicago Avenue 

set another county and have the county seat, if so the public square will come on 
my property. Tell the little ones I shall be home as soon as possible. I expect to 
find more letters when I return to Chicago. 

M? Dear H. Chicago, July 17th, 1836, Sunday 11 o'clock. 

I told Mr. Russel in my last letter, that J should perhaps tell you something in my 
next that might interest you. I think it will interest you for I believe you all know 
that I had given up all idea of ever moving to Illinois. So I had so far as talking or set- 
ting time or making date, but in my own mind no longer than I could procure the place 
that suited me, and in case you all remain willing to move I will now undertake to 
tell you that I have bought the place that suits me better than any other I have ever 
seen. It is no more no less than the one occupied by Mr. Douglas. I suppose you 
know that I owned the front of it before I bought that part of him last year. He 
has a frame house on it 40 feet front and 32 feet back with a cellar 18 x .40 - -it is 
all enclosed and very complete, but nothing entirely finished inside. It is al I sided 
and shingled with pine and lath, lime and stone on the lot for finishing a part of i 
this Fall, which Mr. Douglas has done for me. He will remain ° n « till Spnng I 
sold him the claim I bought of Captain Naper, with the exception of the -village lot s. 
They are in front of the hotel or Preemption House and all the claim I made myself 
on the big prairie. The place I get of Mr. Douglas will make, with what I had before, 
about 400 acres all in a body and about 200 acres broke and about 125 acres now 
under crop. 20 acres more in all I want broke and that is fenced. $200. will now 
fence every foot of the balance. Tis then capable of raising grain and cutting hay 
enough to keep 2000 sheep or any quantity of cattle or raising S^n ^ any «ten t 
I think it is one of the best farms in the northern part of Illinois. It is believed tha t 

<4 63 J> 


Barbara Pfeiffer Memorial Hall of North Central College 

the crop now on it is worth $2,000. Mr. Douglas reserves them. I have made 
arrangements with Mr. D. to put in for me a pretty large piece of wheat, as I thought 
it would not be possible for us to come on till Spring. I suppose there is on the place 
20,000 young locust trees. I worked part of a day trimming them but it wants a man 
to work three or four days at them. They are from 2 to 4 feet high. They stand 
quite thick, altho Mr. D. has transplanted a great many. The house which now 
stands in a beautiful place near the road and an excellent spring of water. Will 
answer our purpose well for as long a time as we may wish, or until we can build our 
palace on the spot that I have pitched on and is now by the villagers called "Cottage 
Green." It is now under a beautiful crop of Spring wheat. Everybody in the 
neighborhood appears delighted that I am coming. They have had some doubts as 
I wrote Mr. Douglas last winter to sell part of my claim, but those doubts are all 
removed. My dear H., do not think that because I speak so confidently about 
moving here, that I will do so, moving here whether or no, the choice for coming, 
now is and always will remain, yours. Youshall not come here to live unless you 
choose it. 

I have what I suppose is now considered a large price for it, as it is yet only a 
claim, or it is as near a pre-emption as anything, for I believe it will be considered 
so at the next sale. There is nobody here, or at Chicago, but is confident I will get 
it at government price. I am willing to run my risk. 

I find everything I have done in the country is doing admirably, and everything 
I do here is sure, and besides I can do more business in this country in one week 
than in Hyde Park in two years. My property is a fortune already, and only look 
at the time it has making. One year and two months since I left home before. With 
the same luck, two or three years more, I shall have as much as I desire. My goods 
are all sold with the exception of three or four barrels of oil. I yesterday exchanged 
some for 80 acres of land within four miles of the 160 acres I owned before west of 
the Aplain River. This is deeded land. They say I have made an excellent bargain. 
I am better pleased with the Western World now than ever. 

Mrs. Douglas and daughter all send their love. Mrs. D. says she thinks 
now you will come — she is now perfectly reconciled to stay and does 
not need to return only on a visit. They are all as healthy as pigs. 

•< 64 J> 


I could not purchase Mr. Douglas' place without her consent. She is very partical 
to it but likes the claim Mr. D. bought of me very well. They have timber out 
for another house and will put it up yet this season. Mr. D. has a team and will 
go on with it. There is already nearly 30 acres broke. 

N. B. I will write to the children separately and enclose this. 

Yours dear H. 


No envelopes used in these letters. 25c postage. No stamps. 

Addressed to Mrs. M. Sleight, 
Hyde Park, 
Dutchess County, 
New York. 

Through the kindness of Mrs. Wm. B. Greene's family we are able to print the 
first letter written by her to her parents in Vermont, after her arrival in her new 
home, and a most charming letter it is — giving a firsthand picture of those 
early days: 
Dear Mother:- East Du Page, June 12, 1845 

Come lay aside your work for awhile and look into your daughter's home — We 
will come from the East — Wait while I let down the bars — come, is not this a 
nice yard, larger than yours. Notice the large oak trees - twelve :- what a nice 
shady place. But come on, since the outer part is ragged to behold — naught but 
logs, their natural form and color, walk in - take my large rocking chair, is it not 
easy? What a nice room 15 x 16 — My hemp carpet only three yards — striped 
quite pretty and good. My walls are white, although rough My table stands on 
the we P st side, and over it my glass and Wm.'s watch. She 11 have , u .t an hour to 
write — In the corner is our stand — on it my lamp, workbasket and Bible We 
read every evening — commenced the book of Psalms. My chairs are on each side, 
and our spit box by the rocking chair. My curtains are up at the windows and they 
are so nice. East side leads into the bedroom, also a large cupboard - look in a 
moment. Upper shelf devoted to sundries. No. 2, groceries, a goodly supply, 
™ one cake loaf sugar, paper rice, one raisins two coffee, ground pepper cinna- 
mon, spice, ginger, starch, indigo, cannister of first rate tea and my baking plates 
"nd 'pudding" dishes. No. 3 and 4 - tableware breakfast dinner and teasets, 
tumblers, sauce dishes, castor, Brittama teapot and silver - No 5, 6 7 and 8 
Milkpans, 10 2-quart basins, one pint basin, 3 baking pans iron spoon _ , grater 
chopping knife, pastry cutter, etc. Lower department - molasses and oil jug, oil 
can Lknder, coffee pot, stone jar of butter one of bread and cake - Look into 
our bedroom, window faces the East, bed stands South wash Mandm^r in a 
chair Have not brought home our wash stand yet. Wm. is going to Chicago in a 
week or two with some wheat, and will bring them home then. A ^six ^weeks gashing 
is in my basket. Mrs. Blinstom is coming to iron Saturday She washed Tuesday. 
Can vou climb above — I guess not. I'll tell you how it looks A bed i* on tne 
floor -Coufd no bring the other bedstead, a trunk, chest of bed clothes, a bag 
of Tried apples, bag of dried peaches, two nice codfish, etc. We go down cellar from 
£ bedroom from \ trap doo?. Nothing there now but a half-barrel ofsak mack ,rel 
Come a moment longer out the South door into my back room fee my stove^ a 
nremium stove two ovens, a low one and an elevated one, four griddles, .hovel 
2nd S doping pan, flat heater large and small spider poppet ^Jc^copp« 
boiler flats dinner iron pot, dish kettle basin and brass kettle. 1 hen there is my 
Sub and Sand washboard milk, water and mop pails. ^stylTl^ 
broom and mop. Here is my wash basin and you will find the towels by the door. 
My dish pan is turned down on a large box, and under is some 

4 65 ]*> 


mustard and onion tops for lettuce for dinner. Let me look into the oven lest my 
Indian pudding be burning. Wm. bought me a cook book. Could not do without it. 

I am quite contented, now I can sit under my own oak tree, and this is our home. 
Do come this Fall and stay all Winter. You shall have a bed in the sitting room by 
the stove. We would make it so comfortable. Wm. said yesterday, "If Father were 
here, he would make our yard look better." I think of you every day and every hour. 
I am writing on my damask tablecloth. Mother hemmed it. My comprehensive 
commentary is on the stand — my father's gift. My pen is made with the little 
white-handled knife brother carried so many days. Everywhere is something to 
remind me of home — Tell Grandma and Grandpa every time I open the cupboard 
door our old fashioned china plate looks me in the face — Love to them all — I 
wish they would all write me. 

We have good and the best of neighbors, can go to meeting when I please — At- 
tended church last Sabbath at Naperville, quite a little place. The house is new, 
not finished, the hearers seated on rough boards, and Mr. Lyman, the preacher, 
behind a table or desk. Something of a contrast to our neat church. Good-bye 
for the present — must lay the dinner cloth. 


An Interview with Mrs, Bailey Hobson 

(By a representative from the "Inter-Ocean".) 
July 8th, 1883. 

Mrs. Hobson still lives to tell the story of her early trials, which were such as few 
would now believe possible for a woman to pass through and a better historian for 
what came within her experience could not be found. Her little white cottage near 
the river bank in Naperville surrounded by flowers, is not more cheerful than the 
little white haired lady whose home it is. "Yes," said she, "so far as I know, I was 
the first white woman to live in what is now Du Page County, but it was not Du Page 
then; it was a part of Cook County. There were others living just over the line in 
Will County. The Scott's and the Hawley's had moved there in the Fall of 1830 — 
my husband, myself and five children came here in March 1831. My husband took 
up a great deal of land out here on the river about three miles from this place, but 
new settlers coming in, located so near us that in fixing up the deeds there was a 
great deal of mixing up, and much of what he had taken was settled on by others. 
That was one result of settling the country and locating land before there were 
any surveys. It left the farms in bad shape too. Our land was on both sides of the 
river, and our house stood in the timber to protect it from the storms. Not long 
after we came my husband built a mill, and the people from all over the country 
came there for their flour and meal. This induced many new comers to settle near us. 
They wanted to be near the mill, and while it was at first very lonesome, our nearest 
neighbors being three miles away, in a few years we had plenty close at hand — 
that is it was a good many at that time. I shall never forget the first we went to 
Chicago. You have no doubt read a good deal about it, but you will never know what 
it really was to the people who really lived here then." Question: "You refer to the 
massacre in 1832?" "Yes, We had been here a little over a year. It was May 17th — 
we were just setting down to dinner when a man and boy came in from a field near 
by and began to talk about the Indians coming. The boy said they were killing and 
burning everything in their way, and were at Hollenback, 30 miles away (that is 
where Newark is now located). We had lived there a short time before moving 
here. The report was exaggerated, but there was some shooting, but the fright was 
a good deal worse than it should have been. I don't think we would have all been 
killed had we remained at home, but I did think so then. A friendly Indian came 

■4 66 j> 


Dr. W. J. Truitt in One of Naperville's 
First Automobiles — 1905 

and advised us to leave. Just after dinner my husband started out to learn something 
further but I would not stay at home alone with the children, and we all went to- 
gether On the high ground near, we could see some men, and we thought them 
Indians, but after we learned they were men from the Naper settlement who had come 
there to look for Indians. You could see a great way across the prairies from a high 
piece of ground there. We were frightened and went into the wo ods where we remained 
until night, Then I came back to the house with my husband and helped him fix the 
wagon and hitch up the oxen for the journey. We had left the children in the woods. 
In the night, we loaded up and started for Chicago where we arrived the next day 
about sundown. We had to cross the North branch of the river on an old wooden 
bridge There was a little ferry boat but not one fourth of the people who came from 
all over the country, could cross on that We got into the Fort and I was telling : some 
people last year, that 50 years ago I was drinking water from the Chicago River, and 
not eating much of anything. We could not get down to the lake for : the and bar 
I remember the boats had to anchor so far out they were almost out of sight I have 
not seen much of Chicago lately, but I remember well enough how it looked in ,1832 
"How long did you remain in the fort?" "Until the last of June — the men left 
earher ancf cam/back here to build a fort at home. The women and children re- 
mained, and three weeks passed without hearing anything from our husbands. We 
had pretty fair provisions, after the rations for the soldiers came. 

But when Major Whistler and his soldiers arrived it was worse than ■ *e fedians; 
they drove us out of the Fort, that the soldiers might have the .place ^heir Pro- 
tection. They were sent to Chicago to protect the settlers. They came and drove 
women and children from a place of protection that they might P™^™f™ 
They had better not had been sent us. The proclamation was ^v™*^™ 1 
the soldiers would be there the next morning and we must all be out by that time. 
Sur husbands were away hunting Indians or building places of P-™J^ 
us to. We had no place to go. There were a few little cabins in Chicago .where 
some of the women went, but there were three of us who remained in the Fort 

< 67 J=" 


Mrs. Hawley, Mrs. Blodgett and myself. Some Wisconsin men who had come down 
to Chicago to help defend us were there yet when the soldiers came, and they secured 
a little room about 15 x 20 feet in another side of the Fort, which we with our 15 
children occupied for three weeks. Yes, it was rather crowded, but it was better 
than being massacred by the Indians. We did not know whether our husbands were 
alive or not — we could hear nothing from them. The soldiers said we were staying 
to eat up their provisions, rather than because we were afraid of the Indians. We 
did eat some of the food furnished them by the government, but we had to or starve. 
I don't think the soldiers were of much account. When Fort Payne at Naperville 
was finished, we came there, and remained until the war ended in August. I often 
think of the trials of those early days, and I believe they were too great for the men. 
There were five of us left with our children years ago. My husband died in 1850. 
The wives of both the Napers have been widows for years, and so were Mrs. Blodgett 
and Mrs. Hawley — they are dead now. The men had to work too hard and it 
shortened their lives. 

I have often remarked that I passed thru two wars and one famine. The war ot 
1812 and the rebellion and it was a famine when we came here. We had to go 50 
miles to mill. My husband built a mill in 1834 and the people from all over the 
country came here to mill." 

Question: "Were you very sociable in 1833?" "Yes, more so than people are here 
now — our neighbors lived three and four miles away, but we visited each other often 
and had some pleasure in our sociability, but now people don't care whether they 
live for any one except themselves." 

An Interview with Judge Murray 

(By a representative from the "Inter-Ocean.") 

July 8th, 1883. 

Naperville is the outgrowth of a settlement made by Jos. Naper in 1831. Mr. Naper 
visited the West in 1830 and in 1831 brought a colony with him from Ashtabula 
County, Ohio. One of the boys in that colony was Robert N. Murray, who now 
gracefully wears the title of Judge, though his bearing is as little like the dignified 
occupant of the bench, as we read of them as anything could be. He was sitting 
on a dry goods box in front of the store whittling and telling stories, when the repre- 
sentative of the Inter-Ocean was introduced. "You are one of the old settlers, Mr. 
Murray?" "That's what they say. I came here in 1831 — drove an ox team from 
Chicago — landed there in July — swam ashore and then had to swim back again 
and get my boots, because with the shoes I wore, I could not wade across the sand 
bar." "How much of a boy were you?" "Big enough to think I could lay most of 
the men on their backs, and a good many of them thought so too. I was about 17 
years old. Question — How many people were in the Naper Colony? "Between 
50 and 60, counting men, women and children. Then there were the Hobson's 
two miles below us and a family by the name of Paine to the North a mile or two — 
they were here when we came to this place, and these were all the white people 
here in 1831, and we were a sort of free born people with broad Christian sympathies. 
We believe in doing just about as we pleased, so we did not interfere with the rights 
of other men. The good brethren of the East Branch Settlement who came out here 
from New England in 1832 used to come up here with their iron bed stead and try 
to fit us to it, but they found it useless, and gave up the people of Naper Settlement 
as children of the Devil, for whom there was no hope." Question — Judge, it is 
said that all the voters of the Naper Settlement went to Chicago to vote in 1832? 

4 68 J* 


Men's Dormitory of the Evangelical Theological Seminary 

"That is not so. In the Fall of 1832, the polls were open at Naperville — right over 
there at the head of that street. I know, because I voted. I was only 18 years old, 
but I thought I would never get another opportunity to vote for old Andrew Jackson, 
and I put in my ballot. At that election Andrew Jackson received 13 votes and 
Henry Clay received 26 — our good New England Brethren had come in by that 
time, and they all voted for Clay — they beat us, but there were twelve other fellows 
who liked whiskey and black strap just as I did, and we rejoiced in the election of 
old Andrew Jackson as President. I have voted for the old fellow ever since. People 
have said he was dead, but I tell them I have not been officially notified." Question 
— What was the boundary of your voting precinct? "It took in all there was this 
side of Hinsdale and West as far as the Big Woods — there was no one to the North. 
It was about 18 miles across. It was the Naper Precinct and was set off for us by the 
Cook County Commissioners at the request of Captain Naper. Before it was made 
we had to vote in the Flag Creek precinct south of La Grange." Question — Did 
you have any part in the hurried removal to Chicago at the time of the Black Hawk 
scare? "Oh Yes! I drove an ox team and then joined Scott in his campaign against 
the Indians." Question — How did you learn of the intended massacre? "Black 
Hawk, on May 15th, 1832, visited Half Day, a friendly chief on the Fox River about 
8 miles from our settlement, and urged him to join in the war against the whites. 
Half Day had become acquainted with the whites and was friendly. When Black 
Hawk came to his village in the night, he sent his boy to our settlement to say that 
he was in council with Black Hawk and it would be advisable for us to go to the Fort. 
The boy arrived about lo'clock in the night. In the morning all the people in the 
settlement were warned and there was a general scramble into wagons, and the 
ox teams started for Chicago where we arrived in the evening. We remained there 

4 69 }> 


about three weeks. In the mean time the Bailey and Davis Families were massacred 
on the Fox River and we mustered all the horses and mules in Chicago, about 25, 
and a number of us went out there to bury them. We then returned here and built 
Fort Payne on Ellsworth Hill. We brought the women and children there and then 
I joined General Scott's command to go with it on the expedition to the West. I did 
not get back until October. All the line towns from Beloit down to the South, as 
Elgin, Belvidere, Rockford, Dixon and a dozen other towns are built on the camping 
grounds of Scott's Army in that expedition." Question — Have you lived here 
ever since? "I have made this my home ever since — though I was away from the 
place from 1858 to 1864. When Steven A. Douglas ran for Congress the first time, 
he came here a stranger. He had met Captain Naper in the State Legislature in 1836. 
I became acquainted with him and went with him through the northern part of 
Illinois. He was beaten by J. T. Stewart by 16 votes. From that day to the day of 
his death, Douglas was my devoted friend." Question — Did you ever meet his 
great opponent? "Lincoln? Yes, many times. At Springfield he would tell stories, 
just as long as the boys would listen to him. I'll tell you, the young men Lincoln, 
Douglas, Campbell, McDougall, Shields, Trumbull and others who were in the State 
Legislature from 1838 to 1844 presented such an array of talent, as I don't believe was 
ever seen together any place else. Every one of them made their mark in the history 
of the country. I am well satisfied with my life, for I have lived in Illinois through 
the 50 years of most eventful history that was ever written." 

Willard Scott, Sr. 

When all the land between Lake Michigan and Peoria was in Peoria County; 
before this portion of the State was open for entry; when savage Indians made 
settlement here dangerous, an ambitious young man by the name of Willard Scott 
braved all the threatened hardships and perils incident to pioneer life here, and 
became one of the first to locate in the vicinity of what is now Naperville, coming 
here in 1830. 

Mr. Scott was married in Holderman's Grove, July 16th", 1829, to Caroline 
Hawley, daughter of Pierce Hawley, who had located there in 1826. To procure 
his license, he was compelled to go to Peoria, 111., the nearest place to secure the same. 

Theirs was a marriage without a courtship. 

Willard Scott, as a young man in the twenties, was traveling through the country 
and looking for a place to locate. Evening coming on, he saw a light and went to 
this house and asked for supper and nights lodging. In the course of his stay there, 
the comeley maiden, Caroline, appealed to him, and in the morning, after nights lodg- 
ing and breakfast was over, he thought himself very much in love with Caroline, 
in as much so, that he asked her father for her hand in marriage, to which Mr. 
Hawley replied he had no objections, as he seemed to be an honest and upright 
man, but would have to consult Caroline first in the matter, whereupon he asked 
the young lady if she would marry him, and she declined to marry one whom she 
had never met before. He said he would not expect her answer at once, but he 
would come for an answer in two weeks. At the end of the two weeks he rode his 
pony and led one to bring back his bride, if she would consent. 

When he had come to the house, Caroline had made up her mind she would take 

him, and they were married and started on their journey to their home, 5 miles south 

of Naperville. Mr. Scott tells the story of their first night that they were married, 

in this way: "We had the sky for our ceiling — the stars for our light — the trees for 

our shelter and the ground for our bed." Mr. Scott enjoyed telling this story very 

much, to the disgust of Mrs. Scott as she was very proud and really ashamed the 

4 70 Jfc 




Home of Willard Scott I, Corner Washington Street and Franklin Avenue 

way they started out. Mr. Scott persisted telling it and to get back at him she said: 
"She could have married a much richer and better looking man than he was — ■ for 
she had many chances." But theirs was a happy life. They had a family of five 
sons — David and Theodore, who died in early childhood, Thadeus, Willard and 
Alvin Scott Sr. Thadeus died in 1866 in New York by accident. He had one son, 
Willie. Willard Scott, Jr. has no children. Alvin had three children, Mrs. Wm. 
Tarbell; Clara, who died when about 3 years old; and Alvin Jr., always called 
Bay — "None knew him but to love him — none named him but to praise." Altho 
Bay has passed out of this world, his name is still a household word and his memory 
a pleasant one. Mr. Willard Scott, Jr., will be 96 years old on October 9th. 1931, 
and now resides in the house where he and his wife went to housekeeping 62 years 
as >°- Contributed by Etta Cooper Scott. 

There are many and conflicting traditions about the taking of the Du Page 
County courthouse records away from Naperville. 

One story is given us by Francis Cody Sattley and Grace Cody Parmlee, daughters 
of Judge Hiram H. Cody. They tell about the old courthouse and its wide steps, 
upon which they played as children, and where Miss Celia Whitman had a school, 
her father being the jailer. 

Mrs. Sattley says: "One of my early childhood recollections is of a dim scene in a 
darkened chamber, where my mother and some of the older children were looking 
from a front window at the courthouse opposite. 

"Cuddled close to my mother I saw by the light of 
the lanterns held in men's hands, other men going 

■4 7i h 


up and down the broad courthouse stairs, carrying arms full of something and 
putting them in a wagon waiting in the road in front. 

"The lanterns cast an eerie half-light over the picture, and hearing someone in 
our little group whisper 'They're stealing the records!', I shivered with horror at 
the thought of some awful deed being perpetrated, although I had no idea what 
it meant! 

"Then, in the morning, a beloved uncle and aunt, who lived in Wheaton, but 
had been visiting at our house, were gone, and I was informed they went home in 
the night. Someone had come to the house and said to uncle "Doc," if the towns- 
people know you are here they'll suspect you of helping, and may tar 'n feather you. 
You'd better leave now.' " 

Her sister Grace says that "while these men were going up and down the court- 
house steps carrying out the bundles of records, father was slipping out the back way, 
with mother anxious lest something happen to him, because there was warm 
feeling. They feared violence might take place and stealing over to the Congre- 
gational Church where he rang the bell furiously to arouse the town in defense of 
Naperville's rights. But as I've heard the story, the raiders got away just in time 
and galloped off, leaving a trail of documents which fell out of the wagon as they 
went. I am not sure whether a party of Napervillians chased them out on the road, 
but I have that impression." 

Mrs. Myrtle V. Jenkins, daughter of Mr. James M. Vallette, tells about these 
lost records. She says: "One morning just at dawn in 1868, Wheaton descended 
on the Recorder's Office through a window which had been left unlocked by a 
Wheaton sympathizer employed by the county and which cost him his sweetheart, 
who declared she would never marry a traitor and turned her life to better things! 
The Vallette home was guarded by Wheaton and when Mr. Vallette attempted to 
get out to give the alarm, he was seized and held on the way to the office. 

"Alec Riddler was also held. When the raid was made one section of the books 
was overlooked as well as the county and the state papers. These were afterward 
burned by the man who had them in charge, when he became alarmed for fear 
of search." 

The records were hidden in the roof of an outbuilding until things became 
quiet, and later placed in keeping of Samuel Chase, the Cook County recorder 
at the Chicago courthouse, pending the outcome of the lawsuit between Wheaton 
and Naperville. This building was supposed to be fireproof and all Cook County 
records were kept on open tables. The great Chicago Fire in 1871 came when 
Cook County lost all of their records. Also the lost records of Du Page County 
went up in smoke. 

Another story furnished us by Mr. Newton E. Matter, says: "Hon. Lewis Ellsworth 
was President of the Village of Naperville and James J. Hunt Sheriff of the County 
the night the County records were 'moved' to Wheaton. Self-appointed representa- 
tives of the mind of the public assembled at a Naperville saloon, and became in- 
tensely enthusiastic on going to Wheaton forthwith and returning the books to 
their proper shelves at Naperville. 

"Mr. Ellsworth and the Sheriff, on being told of the hot-head party, planned and 
schemed to break up the party. Arriving at the saloon and being told the intentions 
of the gathering the Sheriff seemed to enter into the plan, but insisted on buying 
one drink after another and as rapidly as the enthusiasm was drowned, the partici- 
pant was quietly taken home. 

"The last to remain was the one who was to furnish the team and wagon. On 
being told his team would be shot if it appeared on the streets of Wheaton, he also 
said good night. It was a diplomatic ending of what might have proven to be the 

wholesale shedding of blood and the loss of lives, as Wheaton was expecting 

a move of that kind." 

4 72 y- 





Hats off! 

Along the street there comes 

A blare of bugles, a ruffle of drums, 

And loyal hearts are beating high; 

Hats off! 

The flag is passing by I 

Abbott, Arthur 

Adelman, L. M. 

Albrecht, Otto 

Albrecht, Richard F. 

Allison, Hubert F. 

App, James 

Anderson, C. B. 

Arbogast, Fred 

Arbogast, Louie 

Ashley, Clifford A. 

Babel, Harley 

Babel, Harry 

Bacon, V. 

Bailey, Frank 

Bapst, August 
*Bapst, Edward *** 

Bapst, Julius, Maj. 

Bapst, Oliver 

Barley, Clarence 

Harry E. 

Rollin E. 

Bauer, H. W. 

Baumgartner, Hope 

Baumgartner, Paul 

Becker, Arthur C. 
*Beidelman, Clyde *** 

Beidelman, Gideon 

Benjamin, H. H. 

K Berger, Eugene *** 
Berger, Mario 
Bestler, C. W. 
Beyler, Oscar 
Boecker, Bernard B. 

Paul Herman 
Boecker, Theo. F. Jr. 
Boelter, H. 
Boepple, John 
Boettger, Wm. Jr. 
Boisser, N. 
Bradlee, R. D. 
Brossman, Robert E. 

Burgert, Chester 
Butcher, Paul 
Butler, W. 
Christoffel, Jacob 
Clewell, George 
Coneld, Earl 
Costello, Wm. 

Frank Spencer 
Cromer, Fred 
Daw, Lester 
Deoduic, Otto 
Diehl, Edward M. 
Diller, John 
Drendel, Julian 
Drendel, Leo 

Drendel, Oscar 
Drendel, Paul 
Dustman, Guy V. 
Eaton, Saml. W. 
Ehrhardt, Harry 
Ellam, Cyrill 
Ellenberger, Otho 
Ench, Frank 
Ester, Dore 
Ester, George 
Fahrner, Jos. 
Feldott, Albert 
Felton, Theo. 
Fender, Frank 
Ferguson, Raymond 
Fillie, Arthur 
Fletcher, Robert 
Friedrich, Wm. 
Fry, John 
Fry, Scott 
Galow, Fred 

Gordon P. 
Gasser, Wm. (Dr.) 
Gauger, Arthur 
Gauger, Edgar 
Gegstetter, Harvey 
Gibson, Paul 

(Maj. Dr.) 
Good, S. S. 
Gorman, Wm. 

4 73 I*> 



Grammar*, J. 
Gress, Simon 
Grimes, Charles 
Grimes, Claude 
Grimes, George 
Grush, Vernon 
Gushard, Albert 
Haas, John 
Haas, Frank 
Hall, George 
Harrer, Ralph I. 
Hauser, Harry H. 
Hawbecker, Alfred 
Hawbecker, Ralph 
Hawkins, Fred 
Hayes, John Rolland 
Hayes, Sheldon 
Hedinger, Charles 
Heim, Alphons J. 
Heim, Leo 
Hertel, J. Clark 
Hertel, Harold 

Charles Ernest Jr. 
Hevdon, Tom G. 
Heynen, Carl 
Heyer, Wm. 

Arnold *** 
Hiltenbrand, August 
Hiltenbrand, Frank 
Hiltenbrand, George 

*Hiltz, Ed. *** 
Hobert, Emery 
Hoffman, Albert 
Hoopes, Francis 
Hosier, Oscar H. 
Hughes, Clarence 
Hunt, Roy 
Jaeck, George 
J arm an, Edgar 
Jensen, Walter 
Jenkins, Percy 
Johnson, Edward R. 
Jordon, John 

Julius, Charles E. 
Kailer, Clarence 
Keagle, Hial 
Keeney, Russel W. 
Keller, Roy 
*Kendall, Oliver J.*** 
Kendall, Ralph E. 
Kieserg, Alois Jr. 
Kindy, Floyd 
Kindy, Owen G. 
Kinsey, Dean 
Kirn, Gerald 
Klingbeil, Emil O. 

Harold Henry 
Klingbeil, Frank M. 
Klotz, Albert 
Knoch, Frank 
Knoch, Winfred G. 
Knoche, Fred E. 
Koppa, Leo 
Kraushar, Phil 
Kreger, George P. 
Lampert, Emil 
Lampert, Charles 
Landorf, Edward 
Landorf, George 
Landorf, Henry 
Landorf, Louis 
Lasanska, A. 
Laubenstein, L. H. 
Lenert, Nicholas 
Lester, Otto 
Liddle, Patrick 
Lies, Joseph 
Lindquist, Roy 
Luebke, Arthur 
Luebke, Reinhard 
Lundy, Lester 
Lynch, Stanley 
Maechetele, Wesley 
Mather, Fred 
Matter, Herbert J. 
Marple, Richard S. 
Martin, Claude R. 

Martin, W. B. (Dr.) 
McCabe, Harry 
McClain, Clarence 
Metzler, Henry 
Miller, Albert 
Miller, A. W. 
Miller, Bernard 
Miller, Harold 
Miller, LaRue 
Miller, Lawrence 
Miller, Milton 
Miller, Theodore 
Miller, Wm. F. 
Millitt, Lloyd 
Moeller, Louis 
Morgan, Albert R. 
Morrison, Glen 
Mueller, Charles 
Muench, Carl 
Musselman, Elias R. 
Myers, Archie 
Neidler, Theodore 
Neitz, Paul 
Netzley, Roy 
Nichols, James L. 
Nuffer, Paul 
Ory, Alfred 
Osterland, Paul 
Otterpohl, Elmer 
Otto, Lester 
Paeth, Wm. 
Patterson, James 
Pelling, Thomas 
Pelling, Wm. 
Petterson, Edwin 
Petterson, Herman 
Petterson, Rolland 
Platz, Charles R. 
Platz, Herman 
Plumb, Fred 
Prignitz, Ed. 
Prignitz, Wm. 
Rang, Carl 
Rapp, George 
Reed, Chauncey W. 

4 74 I- 



Ellsworth School 

Remyac, John 
Rickert, Charles 
Rickert, Herman 
Rickert, Robert 
Rickert, Walter 
Riedy, Emmet A. 
Rieser, Edmund 
Rife, Dwight 
Rife, John 
Rife, Malcomb 
Rikli, A. R. (Dr.) 
Rohr, Jacob 
Rohr, Harvey 
Rohr, Oscar 
*Rude, Harry *** 
Rudnick, Bernard 
Sabinsky, Walter 
Sandrock, Walter 
Schaefle, John 
Scherer, Harry 
Schlaer, Gust 
Schimer, Paul 

Schmidt, Bernard 
Schmidt, Carl 
Schmidt, John 
Schnabel, Wm. 
Schultz, Fred 
Schuette, Fred 
Schwab, Charles 
Schwab, Paul 
Schwartz, George 
Sheehan, James 
Sheldon, Robert R. 
Sieber, Alex. 
Sigmund, Louis 
Simpson, Wm. 
Sollenberger, Ray 

^ Ralph W. (Dr.) 
Springborn, Arthur 
Springborn, Henry 
Springborn, Robert 
Stark, Byron 
StaufFer, Milton 

StaufTer, Wesley 
Stenger, Albert 
Stenger, Clarence 
Stenger, Grant 
Stenger, Oliver 
Stiefboldt, Russell 
Stoner, Asa 
Strauel, Albert D. 
Strauel, Edward 
Tansey, Robert 
Thede, Harvey 
Herbert P. 
Tillson, Arthur 
Tillson, Earl 
Truitt, R. L. (Dr.) 
Uhrich, Edward 
Unger, Robert 
VanSickle, K. L. 
Volkman, Emil 
Voss, Louis 
Waterman, Fred 

<4 75 \> 



Merner Gymnasium and Field House — North Central College (1931) 

Wehrli, Jos. F. 
Weigand, Harold 
Weigand, Raymand 
Weisbrook, Alois 
Weisbrook, Bernard 
Weisbrook, Erwin 
Wendling, Orson 

Wert, Ray 

White, Thomas (Dr.) 
Wiener, Clinton 
Worthel, Arthur 
Worthel, George 
Worthel, Robert 
Winkenweder, V. 

Wittier, Lawrence 
Wittenbraker, C. A. 
Wolfgang, George E. 
Yackley, Reuben 
Yetter, Percy 
Yocum, H. D. 
Zudrow, Leo 

* *** Those Who Gave Their Lives in the World War ~] ^ 

Berger, Eugene 
Bapst, Edward 

Kendall, Oliver J, 


Hiltz, Edward 


Beidelman, Clyde * Rude, Harry 
Hiltenbrand, Arnold I 

u The Moving Finger , writes; and, having writ, 
Moves on: nor all your Piety nor Wit 

Shall lure it back to cancel half a Line 
Nor all your Tears wash out a Word of it." 


4 76 fr